A Case for the Lunar Sabbath
Rebuttal to Angel Rodriguez
Director of the Biblical Research Institute of the Seventh-day Adventist Church
In August of 2008 the page below appeared in the Adventist World Magazine. Angel Rodriguez discussed six premises upon which He bases his views and that of the B.R.I. (Biblical Research Institute of the S.D.A. Church) with regard to the subject of astro-luni-solar calendation and its corresponding lunar Sabbath. It is an understatement to describe the influential position and responsibility of Angel Rodriguez or his recent replacement at the B.R.I. The doctrinal decisions made by this organization regarding the principles of time as ruled from the shamayim (heaven’s sun, moon, and stars), will affect the eternal reward of so very many.
The position the B.R.I clings to, at the time of this article, is in support of the modern Roman calendar and its continuous weekly cycle, claiming it to be in harmony with the time-keeping of the Scriptural seventh-day Sabbaths.
Congruent with the fundamental views of Angel Rodriguez, Ron Du Preez of the Michigan Conference of S.D.A.’s will release his new book next week (08-01-11).
The decisions made on this subject should be carefully weighed by each individual upon the evidence in Scripture alone. Those who do not research this subject for themselves will experience “an overwhelming surprise” when they discover this final conflict over the Sabbath will NOT be between Saturday and Sunday as they had believed. Rather, it will be between the Papal Roman Beast calendar and the Creator’s astro-luni-solar calendar, and their respective New Moons, Sabbaths and Feast Days.
The intent of this rebuttal is to demonstrate from Scripture that the Creator’s time system is irrefutably defined by the three part orchestration of the sun, moon and stars as positioned in the starry shamayim above. In addition, it will be demonstrated that these principles of time are not original to earth, but a duplicate copy of the time-system surrounding Yahuah’s seat of power, itself, and unfallen worlds. A response to this rebuttal was requested from the B.R.I., yet not received.
This subject of “TIME” is of vital consequence to the obedient followers of Yahuah in the coming great and final conflict. Here presented is weighty evidence for the Creator’s astro-luni-solar time system, ordained as His ruling principles. Although, this system has been under a perpetual attack from the enemy of souls and His earthly ambassadors for centuries, it is by the Ruach (presence and power of Yahuah) of truth that the obedient followers are being redirected to His preordained celestial time-measuring mechanism. These divine principles unlock mysteries, never before realized, and stir the soul of Yahuah’s obedient followers to dig deeper in preparation for an eternal home.
Note: The term “luni-solar” refers to a two-part time system put forth by the sun and moon alone. Yet, according to Scripture, we have discovered that the Creator’s true time system also included the stars (Genesis 1:14-17). So it is that we utilize what we believe to be a more correct term for our Creator’s three part celestial timepiece, and will throughout this article refer to it as the astro-luni-solar calendar.
Daniel 7:25 speaks prophetically that the beast power would seek to “change both times and laws.” In 45 B.C., the Julian calendar, was crafted, serving to accomplish the first step in changing time. It was the brain child of Julius Caesar as guided by Sosigenes, astronomer and mathematician of Alexandria, Egypt, and was the first step taken to sever the year, the month, and the week from the lunar month cycle. Thus, for future generations, the knowledge of true Scriptural time-keeping, of when to worship our Creator, according to the Scripture’s criteria, was temporarily lost.
In the mid-1st century B.C. Julius Cæsar invited Sosigenes, an Alexandrian astronomer, to advise him about the reform of the calendar, and Sosigenes decided that the only practical step was to abandon the lunar calendar altogether. Months must be arranged on a seasonal basis, and a tropical (solar) year used, as in the Egyptian calendar. “The Julian Calendar,” Encyclopedia Britannica. [Emphasis mine]
In its infancy, the Julian week was eight-days in length, and by design was freed from all ties to the lunar phases by a twist of genius, known to modern society as the “continuous-weekly-cycle.” As time passed in the 375 year interim between Julius Caesar and Constantine a cycling seven-day planetary week began to emerge with its first day being Saturday and ended with Friday. Constantine then reorganized the week to commence upon Sunday and end on Saturday, and legislated the cycling seven-day planetary week we have today. This was done to to bring harmony between two opposing calendar weeks, Rome’s eight-day week and the Jewish lunar seven-day week, and to bring Constantine’s empire into a more perfect union according to the desires of His own heart.
Who would be any the wiser in modern times, as this “new” and improved week mimicked in form most of the attributes of the time-keeping system spoken of in Scripture, which was instituted at creation? What affect might the presentation of this new style week have had on the Hebrews, who continued to be in Roman captivity, devoutly resisting the early Julian styled months with its kalends, ides and nones. Might they have under duress willingly swapped their lunar week and Sabbath for this new style seven day week just to stop the ongoing persecution? All these years later, History bears evidence, the sun, moon, and stars proclaim it, and Scripture reveals the truth, so that under the Almighty Father’s direction and at the appointed time, His followers may have discernment to discover the truth and be restored to His unchanged worship rhythms.
The Creator’s calendar, as viewed in the shamayim (heavens) by night, has never been in harmony with the wall calendars crafted by Rome. Not surprisingly, NASA is only able to keep accurate account of time as they consistently utilize the sun, moon and stars, but not from Scripture’s appointed time-measuring model. Albeit, there has been a move to utilize atomic energy for time, but here again the standard for its accuracy is astro-luni-solar reckoning. For it is, that without the lunar phases, and constellation divisions there are no accurate divisions of years, months, or weeks.
Unfamiliar is no more synonymous with wrong
than familiar is synonymous with right.
A Case for the Lunar Sabbath – Rebuttal to Angel Rodriguez
In responding to each of the following points made by Angel Rodriguez, it is my desire that the reader prayerfully weigh the evidence, regardless of its popularity or the reader’s current unfamiliarity with the themes and rhythm of the lunar Sabbath. Simply because a subject is unfamiliar does not automatically disqualify it as having intrinsic value and inherent significance. Therefore, much of the outcome of this rebuttal will depend on the reader’s honesty with their current educated or uneducated paradigm in recognizing the TRUTH vs. all the ways in which Rome has already changed the times of our Creator.
- Years were changed from beginning in spring to commencing in winter.
- Years, months, weeks, and days commence with no reference to the demarcating lunar phases, from one New Moon to another.
- Days were changed to begin at midnight by the Romans and sunset by the Jews.
Stunningly, NO unit of time was left untouched! For TIME was the target! Intercepting TIME was vital to Satan’s intercepting the worship due the Creator on New Moon Days, seventh-day Sabbaths, and Feast Days (Isaiah 66:23; Ezekiel 46:1-3).
You are invited to participate and judge by weighing the evidence. Each question will be given points and each point is equal to a pound of evidence. The choice is between the Saturday Sabbath, as proclaimed by Papal Rome (and supported by modern Jews), and Angel Rodriguez of the B.R.I. of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, in contrast to the Lunar Sabbath, as proclaimed by the Scripture’s in reference to our CREATOR’S celestial timepiece, and declared by Kerrie French author of this article and proprietor of TheCreatorsCalendar.com.
Scripture is the standard by which this subject must be weighed and not past experience, the apocryphal Book of Enoch, or even Ellen White. Prayerfully ask yourself, which option reveals the weight of evidence in harmony with Scripture? This cannot be based upon predetermined paradigms.
To most effectively present both views, the questions will be followed first by the views of Angel Rodriguez and secondly by Kerrie French’s rebuttal and response. All concepts and terms in this document can be further researched at www.TheCreatorsCalendar.com.
I’ve been told that the Scriptural Sabbath was a lunar Sabbath fixed to the moon, rather than a specific day of the week independent of the moon or sun. What do you think? 5 Points.
Any Biblical evidence to support this proposal is lacking. Therefore, I feel uncomfortable honoring the issue by addressing it here. But apparently I should say something about it.
If the time for the Sabbath was determined by the moon, then the Sabbath will have to be observed at different days during the [Papal Roman] month and not on the seventh-day of the [Papal Roman] week. The Sabbath could be any day of the [Papal Roman] week, based on the time of the new moon. Let me say a few things about this matter.
Kerrie French’s Rebuttal and Response:
Angel Rodriguez has declared that “Any Scriptural evidence to support this proposal is lacking.” This sets the reader up to either cancel Scripture as viable altogether or cast great doubt upon this astonishingly relevant subject. This sounds very much like a judge in a courtroom who has just stricken from the record all the relevant evidence along with its source. In effect, He is saying, “believe me and not your own eyes.” His statement is in conflict with fundamental duty and the grandest virtue among the believers who are to “search the Scriptures daily to see if these things are so (Acts 17:11).” Scripture alone defines truth, history supports it, and astronomy verifies it. Personal feelings outside of these parameters amount to little.
Angel Rodriguez’s statement regarding the Sabbath not being determined by the moon, states that if the Sabbath were lunar “the Sabbath will have to be observed at different days during the [Papal Roman] month and not on the seventh day of the [Papal Roman] week.”
Many people have no knowledge that throughout earth’s history mankind has, out of the rebelliousness of their hearts, crafted calendars with different length months and varying length weeks, all to disassociate themselves from the binding claims of the laws of the Creator. Is it possible that the modern Roman calendar named after Pope Gregory may be one of these? If so, would not our loving Creator have provided a set of criteria that defines His true calendar? Would this calendar not contain perfect weeks derived of six work days and a seventh-day Sabbath, all fitting into His preordained and perfect month? Would this not be designed so that we may worship Him according to His correct time-keeping, in harmony with the rhythms of the trinity of the sun, moon, and stars?
The modern seven-day week came into use during the early imperial period, after the Julian calendar came into effect, apparently stimulated by immigration from the Roman East. For a while it coexisted alongside the old 8-day nundinal cycle, and fasti are known, which show both cycles. It was finally given official status by Constantine in 321. Roman Calendar Encyclopedia, “Days of the Week.”
24 Prophetic Kohen Courses x 2 = 48 Lunar Weeks
From 1 Chronicles 24:7-18 we discover that there were 24 Kohen divisions designed to occur twice each astro-luni-solar year. Meaning that each division of Kohenim (priests) served in the Yarushalom temple for one week from Sabbath to Sabbath for two separate courses for a total of 48 weeks conforming to the astro-luni-solar year. For the ancient Hebrew astro-luni-solar year (regular years) contained exactly 48 weeks.
News Flash! The modern Roman calendar consistently has 52 weeks, illustrating that the two time measuring calendar models are not a match. The continuous weekly cycle we have all followed after and believed was consistent with the Creation story is discovered to not fit all the Scriptural criteria. Only the ancient Hebrew astro-luni-solar calendar and its lunar week style was utilized from the time of King David to the birth of the Messiah, during times Israel was obedient. The first course of the year began on Rosh Hashanah (New Year’s Day) in spring, Abib 1 (the full New Moon Day) of the First lunar Month. This can begin any time in April when the full moon, as the New Moon, arises in the constellation of Bethulah (Virgo) by night, announcing the New Year will begin the following morning at sunrise. A Great Sign Appeared in the Shamayim.
It is to the principles of the “week” as set forth in 24 Kohen courses, recorded in 1Chronicles 24:7-18, and repeated twice throughout the lunisolar year, that we find the true placement of the week. It was in the temple services we discover the week was lunar, because it was a division of the lunar month, and it did not cycle without end utterly divorced from the sun, moon, and stars. Strikingly, it is to this unique weekly model that the prophetic details of Messiah’s true birthday were fixed. Refer to article, Our Messiah’s True Prophetic Birthday.
Eight Day Week in Rome
As touched on earlier, it was Constantine who legislated the change from the eight-day week to a seven-day week that cycled without end. Wouldn’t the Creator have ordained earth’s week and month to be in harmony with His divinely appointed TIME principles, rather than the arbitrary man-made calendar fabricated by Caesar? (Genesis 1:14-18) In fact, we are given direct council to “render to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, but to Yahuah the things that are Yahuah’s.”
While time and money appear to go hand in hand, are they both the creations of Caesar? Not at all, as money is a tool of Caesar and he decided its value, its size, and its material weight, and then stamped his image on it. The Creator’s true natural time on the other hand, cannot be manipulated in any way by man or beast. Only as mankind, in willful rebellion crafts and accepts the witty inventions of men, will they find themselves marching to the beat of a different drummer.
Because Scripture designates the Sabbath as a SIGN, it is by definition related to the shamayim (sun, moon, and stars), for which the signs are given (Genesis 1:14; Ezekiel 20:12; Ezekiel 46:1). It is of great importance to note that while there are similarities between the two calendar styles they are not in harmony with each other beyond a 30 day period. Each calendar style defines its seventh-day Sabbath on different days and by an entirely different method.
It is true, that if we are comparing the celestial calendar to the standard of the modern Roman calendar, it will appear that the lunar Sabbath floats through the Gregorian week from one Gregorian month to another. However, if we use the Creator’s celestial calendar model as the STANDARD it was designed to be, it is the continuous weekly cycle and its Saturday that floats through the lunar week and month. It is all a matter of perspective… the Creator’s or rebellious man’s.
Case in point: If you are on a raft floating down a river, free from ropes and anchors… the trees, rocks, and houses upon the land will appear to be floating by. But your paradigm changes instantly when stopping for lunch, you securely fastened your raft to a rock on the shoreline. From this stabilized perspective, when you observe another raft of people floating by, it is then unquestionably understood that it is this other raft that has no ties or anchors that is freely FLOATING by. This represents the continuous weekly cycle as it has not ties or anchor points to anything.
Only one month model is beaconed from one New Moon to another, and one is not. Only one of these week models aligns with all the time-measuring criteria of the ruling sun, moon, and stars, for “SIGNS, SEASONS, DAYS, and YEARS. For together, as a GPS device, Genesis 1:14 and 16 lays the foundation that all TIME UNITS ordained by our CREATOR and put into position on the fourth day, are each intrinsically SIGNALED by the LIGHTS of the SUN, MOON, and STARS. Meaning that any unit of time-measuring that is not SIGNALED correctly by all three, is an imposter.
The Creator’s GPS TIME Device
Just as a GPS device can locate anything on the earth for any reason, so too our CREATOR’S TIME MODEL behaves as a GPS device to pinpoint the placement of each of His FEAST DAYS and seventh-day Sabbaths with four anchors: 1) Day of the lunar month counted from the New Moon; 2) Day of the lunar Week; 3) Week of the lunar Month; and 4) Lunar Month of the astro-luni-solar Year.
In contrast, the modern Gregorian calendar can never place a specific event on at the same time of the year, month, week, and day, consistently from year to year. For the event will always float through the week days or dates. The same is true for the Saturday Sabbath. Please refer to the illustration below as it is the foundation for the Creator’s calendar principles.
The A.D. 31 calendar below strikingly illustrates the floating Saturdays of Rome’s calendar throughout this astro-luni-solar year standard. For each lunar month is marked with the full moon on the far left. Each day of the month has its own unique lunar phase to demarcate its count. The four weeks are counted from each New Moon. Note the over-lay of the Gregorian Roman Saturdays are highlighted in pale green as a visual aide. Each black box represents the first day of a Roman month and illustrates the same floating phenomena as both month and weeks have been unmistakably severed from the lunar phases. For convenience, each Roman Gregorian calendar date is illustrated in black letters. You can check this for yourself on your own wall calendar today, noting that the designated New Moon and full moon appear to float through its months. (Click on image to enlarge it.)
Both the lunar months and the lunar weeks, with their corresponding lunar seventh-day Sabbaths are clarified by the lunar phases, as each are numbered, counting from the full New Moon day. Notice the symmetry and perfect order displayed by the New Moon days as they are followed by their four weeks and seventh-day Sabbaths, highlighted in blue. Each falls consistently throughout the entire year, on both the same day of the week and the same day of the month.
As this article will progressively provide support on behalf of the astro-luni-solar calendar, keep in the back of your mind, that this alone is the standard ordained and established at creation. It was to this model that the sacred appointed Feast Days and Sabbaths were rendered. THIS IS THE ONLY TIME-MEASURING MODEL IN WHICH THE FEAST DAYS CAN BE ACCURATELY PLACED FROM YEAR TO YEAR. For each Feast Day is given multiple time-centric criteria for locating them. They simply cannot be located on the Roman Gregorian calendar consistently from year to year.
Finding Sabbath when Stranded on an Island
If you were knocked unconscious for several days and stranded on a deserted island for a year or more, such as in the 2,000 blockbuster survival movie “Cast Away,” would you be able to discover what day of the week or month you were in?
Tom Hanks, playing the part of a UPS manager, who’s plane crashed in the South Pacific Ocean, ultimately, utilized the sun for month approximations. But he was never able to know the day of the week, or the date of the month. If he had been seeking the seventh-day Sabbath, he would never have found it with the current knowledge he possessed. His paradigm is no different than “ALL THE WORLD WHO FOLLOW AFTER THE BEAST” CALENDAR, keeping as sacred either Friday, Saturday, or Sunday. Because the moon was removed from our knowledge in 45 BC, we have never learned how it demarcates every single day of the year, month, and week throughout time. Knowing the lunar phases holds the Scriptural KEY to finding the true APPOINTED TIMES, NEW MOONS, SABBATHS, AND FEAST DAYS.
What Establishes Appointed Times
According to Scripture, the Creator prepared His calendar prior to creating Adam and Eve, by appointing the sun, moon, and stars to rule (measure time) for signs (Sabbaths), seasons (months), days and years during the fourth day of creation.
Then Alahim/Elohim said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the shamayim to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years . . .” Genesis 1:14 NKJV
At first glance above, it may appear that the “seasons” (mo’edim #4150) reference only festival appointments, or congregational assemblies. However, notice in the Strong’s Dictionary of Scripture and B-D-B Hebrew Lexicon, it is also identified as both a signal and an appointment in fixed time. So of what might it be a signal of, and what time might it be fixed to? Amazingly, both questions can be responded to with one answer: the common denominator is lunar time as defined by the moon. This is marvelously verified in Psalms 104:19.
He appointed the moons for seasons (#4150 mo’edim). . . Psalms 104:19
All mankind had to do was to look up into the starry shamayim (heavens) for the full New Moon to arise in the east as the true New Moon, and commence the monthly count of dates and monthly count of weeks. This will never be possible with a man-made counterfeit system. But further still any given night, the lunar phase tells you where you are in the month, whether the first week, second, third, or fourth week, and then tells you which day of that week. THE MOON IS VERY SPECIFIC!
What becomes apparent from the Hebrew definitions above in connection with the Scripture verses below, is that the seventh-day Sabbath is indeed also a “sign.” The implication of this is that the Sabbath, which punctuates the seven-day week of creation is, after all, reckoned by numbering from New Moon day (LIGHT), making it a lunar Sabbath. In contrast there is no mention in Genesis, or anywhere else in Scripture that the Sabbath is reckoned by an unbroken-cycle-of-weeks since creation, which is wholly divorced from the astro-luni-solar calendar model SIGNALED BY HIS LIGHTS (Genesis 1:14).
Notice it is the Almighty Father speaking. He is the one who preordained the Sabbath to be “a sign.” Is it conceivable that the “signs” referred to in Genesis 1:14, and associated with days and years, may be eternally linked to “the week” ending with a “Sabbath?”
Moreover I also gave them My Sabbaths, to be a sign (#226 owth) between them and Me, that they might know that I am [Yahuah] who sanctifies them. Yet the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness; they did not walk in My statutes; they despised my judgments, which, if a man does, he shall live by them; and they greatly defiled My Sabbaths. Ezekiel 20:12-13 NKJV
I am [Yahuah your Alahim]: Walk in My statutes, keep My judgments, and do them; hallow My Sabbaths, and they will be a sign (#226 owth) between Me and you, that you may know that I am [Yahuah your Alahim] Ezekiel 20:19-20 NKJV
They also who dwell in the farthest parts are afraid of Your signs (#226 owth); you make the outgoings of the morning and evening rejoice. Psalms 65:88 NKJV
Your enemies roar in the midst of your meeting place; they set up their banners (counterfeit wall calendars with continuous weekly cycles) for signs (#226 owth). Psalms 74:4
We do not see our signs (#226 owth); there is no longer any prophet; nor is there any among us who knows time (#5704 `ad).
Do not learn the way of the Gentiles; do not be dismayed at the signs (#226 owth), of the (#8064 shamayim – revolving celestial bodies) for the Gentiles are dismayed at them. For the customs of the peoples are futile… Jeremiah 10:2-3 NKJV
Is it possible that in the Eternal Father’s great wisdom, these terms were encoded on purpose and connected to clues that would later be re-discovered?
The New Moon and the Lunar Month
All will agree that there has never been a day on earth that was disassociated from the sun, whether it was visible or not. Yet, the sun rises and sets with no apparent visible change marking one day as different or unique from the next. But many are not aware that among the principles that rule time, it is the moon together with the stars by night that define each monthly calendar date, as both the terms “month” and “mo’ed’” (#4150) are connected to the moon. The sun defines when the day begins and ends, but the moon actually demarcates each day’s “date” as counted or numbered from New Moon day. This is because the moon has two unique attributes that distinguish one day from another. These are its 29.5 lunar phases that occur each month in combination with its longitudinal position in the sky. Lunar phases change daily. Beginning with the full moon as the true New Moon is followed by 14 waning phases until completely dark, then 14 waxing phases until full again.
And then the moon, ever punctual to mark the times, [as] an everlasting sign: It is the moon that signals the Feasts, a luminary that wanes after being full. The month derives its name from hers. She waxes wonderfully in her phases, a banner of the hosts on high, shining in the vault of heaven [the shamayim].” Ecclesiasticus 43:6-8, c.a. 19-180 B.C.
The terms “New Moon” (#2320) and “lunar month” (#2320) are interchangeable, as both are intrinsically connected to the term “month,” which is derived from the word “moon.” The full New Moon refers to a specific first phase of the moon or month, whereas the term “lunar month” includes all 30 moon or month phases. These phases change daily in a pattern consistent with their longitudinal positions in the sky. The full New Moon is simply the first lunar phase that appears in its fullness prior to being divided by portions of darkness, first by waning phases until total darkness is achieved, and then in the waxing phases that build in their light back towards full. The full New Moon appears at sunset on the eastern horizon and shines the whole night through from east to west. Once it is seen, the shofar is blown, announcing the next daylight is New Moon day. Psalms 81:3.
In the Oxford English Dictionary clip below, the term “month” is defined as – “A measure of time corresponding to the period of revolution of the moon.” Notice also, the similarity in spelling between the Genesis 1:14 word “mo’ed” (#4150) and the variations of the word “month” through history in different languages. Who would have thought that this verse in Genesis is actually defining all the creator’s units of time, which in addition to “days and years,” by default would include months (mo’ed #4150) and their corresponding Sabbaths (‘owth #226)? What might be the implications? It would imply that not only the days and the years are defined by the sun, moon and stars, but also the weeks, Sabbaths, and months. As a result, both months and Sabbaths would be determined and fixed to the moon, and numbered from New Moon day. Therefore all units of time would be consistently determined by the orchestration of the sun, moon, and stars, and not according to a varying set of time measures as some suggest (Deuteronomy 25:13-15). But is there evidence of this?
The term “New Moon” and “month” (chodesh #2320) are used interchangeably throughout Scripture. Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon defines this same word correctly three ways: a) New Moon; b) the first day of the month; c) lunar month. While the term “Sabbath” is recorded approximately 150 times in Scripture, the term “New Moon” or “lunar month” is recorded nearly 300 times.
Comparing the two verses below it is discovered that there was more than twice the number of sacrifices to be performed by Israel on New Moon days than on seventh-day Sabbaths. This demonstrates the great value the Almighty Father places upon His New Moon days.
On the Sabbath day two lambs in their first year, without blemish, and two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering, mixed with oil, with its drink offering . . . Numbers 28:9 NKJV
At the beginnings of your [lunar #2320] months you shall present a burnt offering to the Yahuah: two young bulls, one ram, and seven lambs in their first year, without blemish; 12 three-tenths of an ephah of fine flour as a grain offering, mixed with oil, for each bull . . . Numbers 28:11 NKJV
Two or Three Kinds of Days?
Ezekiel 46:1 defines with a “thus saith Yahuah” that Yahuah Alahim/Elohim, the Creator, ordained three kinds of days which are named and have specific function. Notice below that the “east gate” of the temple, being open or closed for worship, actually defines that these days can never overlap. A day is either a work day or a worship day and never both. There is no guess work here. New Moon days will never fall on work days, just as Sabbaths can never fall on work days. Likewise, New Moon days can never be seventh-day Sabbaths, because the New Moon day must always be the first day of the month and never the seventh-day of anything. It can only be the day following the visible full moon sighting. Notice in the following verse, are the words of Yahuah, Himself.
Because the moon had been removed from the month and week by Julius Caesar, when Constantine changed the “week” from eight-days to seven-days, he continued the use of its unique attribute of two kinds of days that cycled without end, with no New Moon Day. Consequently, since Genesis 1 also identified only two kinds of days, 1) work days and 2) Sabbaths, most of the world easily bought into the “continuous-weekly-cycle theory,” as the two appeared to be in sync. However, with diligent research into Biblical time keeping, it becomes apparent that the Creator ordained three kinds of days in contrast to only two kinds of days.
It is the “New Moon day” that is the third kind of day, which is not mentioned in the Genesis 1 account. Because there are only two kinds of days identified in Genesis 1, it was easy to believe Roman propaganda that her week, with its continuous weekly cycle, was in harmony with that of Creation. Yet, this is the supreme deception! When the New Moon day, the third kind of day, is placed in position, the week cycle containing two kinds of days, is broken each and every month.
As a result, every date that is identified in Scripture, is consistently counted from the New Moon day, including the seventh-day Sabbaths, as their cycle starts and stops according to each month’s refreshing by the New Moon. This “lost time principle,” now restored, signals that all seventh-day Sabbaths occur consistently throughout Scripture, upon the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th of each lunar month.
Test this for yourself. If you look on your modern wall calendar you will find that the New Moon day falls often on work days as it appears to float through the man-made month. This is a wake-up call that the modern calendar used to define work days and Sabbaths, is an impostor, as it runs contrary to the sacred Scriptures. By default your “wall calendar” has been telling you the seventh-day Sabbath is Saturday, when this is just another lie of Rome. You and your entire church are not alone, we have all fallen into this pit of deception, which was prophesied in Revelation 13:3, “And all the world marveled and followed the beast.”
As S.D.A.’s we always thought the Mark of the Beast would apply to the other denominations, as keeping Saturday was the antidote to receiving the “Sunday” MARK. Yet, this is the grandest of all deceptions. Strikingly, if we believed this, we would be calling John the Revelator a liar, as the verse definitively states, “ALL the world marveled and followed the beast.” This includes Adventists and Jews.
Note: The modern calendar reference to New Moon defines the completely dark occulted lunar phase as New Moon. Scripture tells a different story in which the full moon is the true New Moon. Refer to article, Announcing an Official Paradigm Shift.
Constantine and the Week
Caesar Augustus, more commonly referred to as Constantine, in A.D. 321-325 established a new and uniquely stylized solar planetary calendar. This was the first step necessary for the development of His new religion (Christianity) and worship rhythm crafted outside the boundaries of Scriptural constraints. Yet, all the while appearing to honor the story of the crucifixion and resurrection of our Messiah. From the black and white marble halls of Rome, it was fashioned and realized at the five year summit meeting of the notorious Council of Nicaea.
Upon this premise the presumed, “repulsive and revolting” Scriptural astro-luni-solar calendar of the Jews was taken captive and replaced with the pagan solar calendar as a tribute to Constantine’s newly created god, “JESUS CHRIST.” Together, the solar planetary calendar and the introduction of His new god, became Rome’s ready replacements, of Yahusha the true Messiah, along with His pre-ordained worship rhythm throughout Scripture. Even the day He died for you and me was on Passover the 14th of the month, a dark conjunction was in the sky causing a solar eclipse. This was earth’s darkest hour. For both the sun, and moon were dark, as if mourning.
Many other doctrines were spawned at that council, including the Trinitarian doctrine and Easter. Each were replacement theologies of the Roman pagan kind. All that was left to do, was to sell them to the world. And for those who weren’t buying, they utilized force, under penalty of death. Thus it was, that the planetary week with its unending cycle, wholly divorced from the moon, replaced the Scriptural week, which had previously always been fixed to the count from one New Moon to another.
In 321 A.D., Constantine, emperor of Rome . . . by civil enactments made “the venerable day of the Sun,” which day was then “notable for its veneration,” the weekly rest day of the empire . . . The enforcement of the weekly observance of Sunday gave official recognition to the week of seven days and resulted in the introduction of it into the official civil calendar of Rome. The Romans passed that calendar down to us, and in it we have still the ancient planetary titles of the days of the week. Odom, op. cit., p. 243-244, emphasis supplied.
When the historical and time-centric facts of the Julian/Gregorian calendar are comprehended, it becomes apparent that Sunday is not the only spurious worship day established upon paganism. Saturday, dies Saturni, is also a counterfeit and bogus worship day. The mere fact it is the seventh-day of the fraudulent modern Roman week, sets it in opposition to the true lunar seventh-day Sabbath of Scripture. By extension, both Saturday and Sunday are fruit of a fraudulent, man-made calendar system that is built upon the premise of only two kinds of days instead of three. As a result, neither Saturday nor Sunday can be the true Scriptural Sabbath. Read more on Three Kinds of Days.
So now let me ask you— is there weighty evidence that the continuous weekly cycle was fabricated by man and not ordained by the Creator? Yes.
We were also taught to believe that the Council of Laodicea, Canon 29 stated that the Christians shall not be idle on Saturday, and that this is when Sabbath changed from Saturday to Sunday:
Christians shall not Judaize and be idle on Saturday, but shall work on that day; but the Lord’s Day they shall especially honor, and, as being Christians, shall, if possible, do no work on that day. If however, they are found Judaizing, they shall be shut out from Christ.
According to Karl J. von Hefele, a Catholic bishop, in his History of the Councils of the Church from the Original Documents, states that the word “Saturday” (dies Saturni) does not exist either in the Greek or Latin text. Rather, the word “Saturday” was supplied in the English translation in place of the word Sabbato, meaning Sabbath. Here is the original Latin text:
Quod non oportet Christianos Judaizere et otiare in Sabbato, sed operari in eodem die. Preferentes autem in veneratione Dominicum Diem si vacre voluerint, ut Christiani hoc faciat; quod si reperti fuerint Judaizere Anathema sint a Christo.
At the time the Julian calendar was being enforced upon the early believers for religious purposes, absolutely no one confused the word Sabbato with dies Saturni. Simply everyone at that time recognized these to be unique names for two separate days, as found on two distinctly different calendar systems. It is only as this fact of history has been forgotten as it was purged from the records, that Saturday has been assumed to be the seventh-day Sabbath of Scripture, and partly because it was adopted by the Jews in conformity to Rome’s demands. Couple with this the promotion of the entire Roman calendar system throughout the world, and we can see why all the world has now followed the Beast into a fraudulent pagan worship system. How crafty was this!
These . . . eventually led Jewish rabbis to call Saturn “Shabbti,” “the star of the Sabbath.” It was not until the first century of our era, when the planetary week had become an established institution, that the Jewish Sabbath seems always to have corresponded to Saturn’s Day [Saturday]. Rest Days, p.244 by Hutton Webster
This planetary week was paganism’s counterfeit of the true, Biblical week instituted by the Creator in the beginning of earth’s history. In the counterfeit week employed in ancient paganism “the venerable day of the Sun” was esteemed by the heathen above the other six days because it was regarded as sacred to the Sun, the chief of the planetary deities . . . Just as the true Sabbath is inseparably linked with the Biblical week, so the false Sabbath of pagan origin needed a weekly cycle. Thus we have found that the planetary week of paganism is Sunday’s twin sister, and that the two counterfeit institutions were linked together … Odom, op. cit., p. 243-244, emphasis supplied.
We have all been naïve victims of Roman propaganda, an altogether familiar echo from the prophetic word identifying that “ALL the world would follow after the Beast” (Revelation 13:3). This in no way alludes to some of the world, but ALL. We can now see how this does NOT EXCLUDE Seventh-day Adventists and Jews, as Saturday CANNOT be the Seal of Yahuah or an antidote to receiving the MARK OF THE BEAST, but in contrast is a SIGN or MARK of the BEAST.
Once presented with principles from Scripture, we are able to see a fuller picture and make an informed decision to either remain captives of the Beast Power via the man-made calendar system, or use the keys of the Creator’s astro-luni-solar calendar, to unlock the bars to our freedom and enter through the East Gate (Ezekiel 46:1-3) into His Eternal Kingdom, before it’s too late.
We have the choice to continue to cling to a pagan “Saturday” Sabbath theory that highlights a purported week that cycles without end since creation, which cannot be supported from Scripture, history, or astronomy, either by name or by its rhythm. We have the option to remain content with the tradition of Sunday sacredness, but according to the facts both Saturday and Sunday signal the rhythm of the fraudulent calendar and falsified week cycle Beast System, and are a sure fire ticket to receive its Mark. For Scripture is the revealer of the lunar Sabbath truth, and both astronomy, and history support it. Have you ever considered that it may be that the calendar you choose determines who you worship and by default will define your future destiny.
The Evidence Summary
- All of the Creator’s principles of time are defined according to the sun, moon and stars. Genesis 1:14, Ezekiel 46:1
- Sabbaths = signs (#226 ‘owth). Ezekiel 20:12-13, Ezekiel 20:19-20
- Months = seasons (#4150 mo’ed). Genesis 1:14
- The Creator’s months are lunar according to Strong’s Concordance, Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon, and Exodus 12:1-3.
- If knocked unconscious and stranded on a deserted island, you would never know when Saturday or Sunday occurred. But using the Creator’s Calendar with its sun, moon, and stars, it is a piece of cake.
- There are three kinds of days, not just two. It is the New Moon day that breaks the cycle of weeks each month. Ezekiel 46:1
- The Creator’s calendar dates are counted from the “full” New Moon. Exodus. 12:1-3; Leviticus 23:5-39, Ezekiel 46:1, 1Chronicles 23:30-32
- The Creator’s Sabbaths are counted from the New Moon. Exodus 12:1-3; Leviticus 23:5-39, Ezekiel 46:1, 1 Chronicles 23:30-32
- The Creator’s astro-luni-solar calendar contains four seven day weeks each month. Exodus. 12:1-3, Leviticus 23:5-39, Ezekiel. 46:1, 1 Chronicles 23:30-32
What about the Israelite Calendar, was it astro-luni-solar? 5 points
The Israelite calendar was luni-solar, that is to say time was measured on the basis of the new moon (the rotation of the moon around the earth) and also the sun (the rotation of the earth around the sun). A lunar calendar of 12 months is about 11 days shorter than the solar calendar, which is approximately 365 days. In the ancient world this was solved by adding an extra month seven times in 19 years. In Scripture, the moon calendar was used to fix the time for the festivals—for instance, 14 days after the new moon came Passover (Numbers 28:16). Apparently some people are arguing that the Sabbath itself was to be observed seven days after the first day of the month.
Kerrie French’s Rebuttal and Response:
The response above is accurate and well stated. The B.R.I. has clearly and unmistakably defined Israel’s calendar as luni-solar [astro-luni-solar]. Angel Rodriguez even describes this moon calendar as “fixing” the time for the festivals.
For if the month is based upon the moon, as Angel Rodriguez has stated, and I agree with, this means each day is demarcated by a unique lunar phase from 1 to 29 and even 30. So because both the month and its days are beaconed by lunar phases, how can the weekly division of this luni-solar arrangement be anything other than lunar divisions, or utterly divorced from these same lunar phases? Is this not like growing an apple tree, with apple tree roots, apple tree trunk, apple tree branches, apple tree leaves, but instead of recognizing the beautiful apple tree fruit produced in their season, we hang lemons all over it, declaring lemons are the fruit. Simply because we have all been taught as fact that lemons are the true fruit and not to believe our own eyes, does not make it true, but illustrates a false paradigm, that has created blindness for recognizing truth.
This alone should stimulate questions as to why mankind, and especially the S.D.A. Church has abandoned their foundational Sanctuary beliefs, which were regulated by astro-luni-solar time, at the very time its time-centric prophetic details are being fulfilled in the Sanctuary above not made with hands. How could this be unless the S.D.A. Church now believes that the astro-luni-solar time system of the New Jerusalem was dependent on the sacrificial system of earth that ended at the cross, along with earth’s temple (the copy) that was ultimately destroyed in A.D. 70? This concept is upside down.
It was Yahuah, the Father, who required Moses to erect the wilderness sanctuary “according to the pattern shown on the mount” (Hebrews 8:5). This pattern was none other than the Yahuah’s Sanctuary/Temple prototype. The earthly sanctuary and temples were only the copies, which were destined to become obsolete when the original Sanctuary master template, work of restoration of mankind commenced. This was not to begin until type met anti-type at the Cross by the personal ministry of our Messiah and Savior, Yahusha, according to the prophetic timing of the astro-luni-solar feast days.
“. . . who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things, as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to make the tabernacle. For He said, “See that you make all things according to the pattern shown you on the mountain.” Hebrews 8:3-6 NKJV
It was to the “ancient world” as well as to all people of all ages that the Creator gave His celestial timepiece, defined by the sun, moon and stars for His divisions of time. It was to this ancient world that the following dialog occurred between Yahuah and Moses commanding that he teach all of Israel to follow His New Moons and lunar months as the divisions of His years. As a result, all years associated with our Almighty Father were indeed preordained to be astro-luni-solar and not strictly solar.
Commandingly spoke, Yahuah to Moses and to Aaron while in the land of Egypt, declaring: “This New Moon is for the purpose of commencing the lunar months. It is first in time, place, and rank as in old time past, the same accordingly the lunar months are the divisions or measure of time for the [astro-luni-solar] years. Declare and teach this to all the congregation of Israel saying, ‘on the tenth from the New Moon do as follows: Reserve accordingly every man a lamb for each household of the father, a lamb for each house.’” Exodus 12:1-3 (The Creator’s Calendar New Restored Interlinear Text.) Link to Exodus 12:1-3 Hebrew Word Study.
Fifteen hundred years later at the fullness of time, our Savior and Messiah, Yahusha, laid down His life as the “Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.” In doing so, He had to fully meet the requirement of both the times and laws of Scripture, as typified in the Sanctuary system. This system was based upon the astro-luni-solar time principles of the shamayim pattern. At His death the door closed on the Old Covenant system that required the death of sacrificial animals. However, at His death the door was flung open for all time to His own ministration in the Sanctuary above, the time mechanism of the commencement of the New Covenant, as the true lamb who takes away the sin of the world.
This shamayim system is built on the perpetuity and continuation of the same astro-luni-solar principles that were shown Moses in the mount (Exodus 25:40). While the Savior’s death marked the finished work of the sacrifice for mankind, it was only the first step in His three part Sanctuary/New Covenant Ministry. First, He was to be the lamb, second, the priest and third, the High Priest for the complete atonement and restoration of mankind.
The study of the Sanctuary system and all its ramifications was once a foundational truth of the S.D.A. Church. Have its truths somehow diminished, or have their views of them been altered? Which gets a more popular response today— to declare the sacred feasts and the Sanctuary system ended at the cross, or to declare the Papal Roman calendar is a fraud? One of these is an impostor, because just as oil and water don’t mix, the Sanctuary system with its astro-luni-solar feasts cannot be harmonized with the rhythms of the modern Roman calendar, and it’s Saturday Sabbath.
Shocking as this may be, the timing of the Saturday Sabbath simply cannot be harmonized with the astro-luni-solar time rhythm of the Sanctuary system as outlined in Leviticus 23:1-39. Could this be the underlying reason it has become so unpopular to discuss the Sanctuary and its set-apart feasts of late? Is the S.D.A. Church bent on being in harmony with Rome and her calendar? Has the S.D.A. Church tactically changed sides? The historic S.D.A. Church identified Rome to be the great enemy in both the Tanakh (OT) and the Renewed Covenant (NT), but do they still believe this today?
By eliminating the sacred Feast Days, we also must eliminate the Sanctuary system, both earthly and the one not made with hands, then by eliminating these we can finally eliminate the infamous astro-luni-solar calendar that causes us to be out of harmony with Rome and her Saturday Sabbath. In doing so, the S.D.A. Church appears to have swapped truth for error, and will not be able to prepare her people for the final events, and soon return of the Savior, which are all based upon the Creator’s time principles. It appears there is a fox or two in the hen house.
The correct understanding of the ministration in the heavenly sanctuary is the foundation of our faith. Councils for the Church, p. 347.
All subsequent generations can verify and authenticate that indeed Yahusha was the promised Messiah and redeemer as He perfectly met all the requirements of the divine laws and ordained celestial time units. He had to lay down His life on Passover, the fourteenth day, as counted from the New Moon and not a spurious pagan calendar. He was to remain in the tomb on the Sabbath (not a Saturday), but rise on the sixteenth day (as counted from the New Moon), the day the First Fruits offering was waved before Yahuah.
Did this occur on time? Did this occur upon astro-luni-solar principles? YES! “For He changes not!” Malachi 3:6. Did this occur according to Roman calendation principles? NO! Might the two in any way harmonize with one another as the S.D.A. church suggests? NO!
One Single Remedy Restores All Lost Time Units
Below is a Scripture verse based on Strong’s Dictionary and Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew Lexicon. The Sabbaths, months and years are all to be numbered according to the very same time measurement.
Everyone exalt, and restore Yahuah’s Sabbaths, the New Moons with their lunar months, and yearly fixed Feast times. Number them by the ordained measure of the elliptical and perpetual [lunar] face that turns, forming time as was purposed by Yahuah. Guard and protect this sign marker with a posted watch of the place of assembly, as convened for signs, as a token of evidence. Watch over this sacred and dedicated thing as a charge and service by the sons of Aaron, and the others who minister unto the sanctuary of Yahuah. 1 Chronicles 23:30-32 (The Creator’s Calendar New Restored Interlinear Text.) Link to Hebrew Word Study.
Remarkably, it is a single remedy that restores each of the above units of time. The remedy for the lost Sabbaths, lunar months, and annual set-apart Feast days is the same. Each is to be NUMBERED according to the “elliptical, perpetual measure of the moon. Shocking as this may be, “the week” with its seventh-day Sabbath was ordained at creation to be fixed permanently to the same numbered count as that of the month. As a result, the seventh-day Sabbaths by divine design were eternally fixed to the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th civil calendar dates, each and every lunar month.
Here in this passage of 1 Chronicles 23:30-32 we discover that we are to number the Sabbaths, the New Moon and it’s lunar month days, and the years with their specific appointed sacred days, according to the “elliptical,” and “perpetual face that turns.” Can this be representative of anything other than the moon, since we can clearly rule out the sun, and the stars? This command to number the Sabbaths according to the “elliptical and perpetual face that turns,” is another way of commanding that we “fix” the seven days of the week to the numbered days of the month. In addition, the months are also to be numbered or counted for each year according to the number of lunations.
As illustrated above, both the earth and the moon orbit the sun in a counter-clockwise direction. Notice the oval or elliptical pattern of the moon’s path around the earth. When the moon is farthest from the sun, as pictured on the left, it is “full.” When the moon is closest to the sun it is in its dark conjunction occult lunar phase, this occurs because the sun is shining on the moon’s backside as seen from earth. However, the moon is recognized as “new” only when the fullness of reflected light is seen “anew” at sunset, on the eastern horizon.. It is the bold full New Moon that was ordained as the Creator’s Lunar International Dateline (CLID). It comes to us on a round world in a different location each month. It can be seen visibly by all the world the same evening, whether one lives in the northern or southern hemisphere.
The above graphic also demonstrates:
- Twelve lunar months in this astro-luni-solar year (a thirteenth month occurs approximately every third year).
- There are 29-30 days in each lunar month.
- Notice how the counter-clockwise path of the moon commences in the position of “full” New Moon day (1), the next day at sunrise following the farthest point from the sun. Then the moon’s path continues to the inner edges towards conjunction, only to swing outward from the sun again toward the end of its lunation (month). The moon remains in a varied but perpetual state of an ellipse.
- The seventh-day Sabbath was preordained at creation and fixed to the lunar civil calendar dates counting from full New Moon day. Fraudulently, mankind has been led to believe that there are only two kinds of days— work days and Sabbath days. Yet, Scripture teaches there are three kinds of days— work days, Sabbath days, and New Moon days. It is the New Moon day that occurs at the commencement of each month that breaks the weekly cycle, refreshing each new month with a cycle of four complete weeks. (Ezekiel 46:1)
Refer to word study, “1 Chronicles 23:30-32”
The Evidence Summary
- The ancient Hebrew calendar was astro-luni-solar, as correctly stated by Angel Rodriguez. Leviticus 23:1-39
- All Feast Days of the earthly sanctuary were “fixed” to the celestial calendar. Mutually agreed by both. Leviticus 23:1-39.
- The astro-luni-solar calendar has been abandoned by all the world. Daniel 7:25, Revelation 13:3
- Moses was taught by Yahuah that years are made up of lunar months, causing years to be astro-luni-solar. Exodus 12:1-3
- The earthly sanctuary was a mere “copy” of the above original; by default, the Creator’s seat of power is reckoned by the calendar of the sun, moon, and stars. Hebrews 8:3-6
- The correct understanding of the ministration of the sanctuary above is the foundation of the S.D.A. Church. Councils for the Church, p. 347.
- In order for the S.D.A. church to remain in harmony with the rhythms of Rome, she must disassociate from the teachings of both the earthly copy and Sanctuary prototype original, their sacred set-apart feasts, and their astro-luni-solar time system, upon which our Savior ministers above. Any suggestion that the astro-luni-solar time system upon which each of these is based, continues to be viable or obligatory today, is heresy to Rome and her daughters.
- Sabbaths, lunar months and the Creator’s years are all numbered from the full New Moons. 2 Chronicles 23:30-32
The Sabbath and the Moon, are they connected in time? 5 points
At the beginning of the twentieth century the connection between the Sabbath and the moon was proposed and defended by a number of critical scholars. They rejected the biblical origin of the Sabbath and suggested that its origin was related to several “evil days” in the Babylonian calendar, including the day of the full moon, during which people rested. Those days occurred in a sequence of about seven days. Further study indicated that the so-called “evil days” were not a sequence of seven days; they were the first, seventh, fourteenth, nineteenth, twenty-first, and twenty-eighth days of the month. That theory has since been abandoned.
Kerrie French’s Rebuttal and Response:
The Scriptural origin of the Sabbath is best defined within Scripture itself and not in a history book. However, with that said, there has been much written in history on this subject. Here are some specific quotes that address just how it was that the Hebrew people came to give up their lunar Sabbaths for that of the Roman week that cycled without end. Of particular interest are those quotes by Jewish sources. Here I will let history speak for itself.
The “Week” in History – 101
In the mid-1st century B.C. Julius Cæsar invited Sosigenes, an Alexandrian astronomer, to advise him about the reform of the calendar, and Sosigenes decided that the only practical step was to abandon the lunar calendar altogether. Months must be arranged on a seasonal basis, and a tropical (solar) year used, as in the Egyptian calendar. “The Julian Calendar,” Encyclopedia Britannica.
Sabbath and New Moon (Rosh Chodesh), both periodically recur in the course of the year. The New Moon is still, and the Sabbath originally was, dependent upon the lunar cycle. Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, p. 410.
The (early) Hebrews employed lunar seven-day weeks, which ended with special observances on the seventh day, but none the less were tied to the moon’s course. Rest Days, p. 254-255 by Hutton Webster
The weeks do not continue in a regular cycle regardless of the moon. Each month has four weeks, the beginning with the New Moon. I have no doubt that this was the old Hebrew system. Babylonian Menologies and the Semitic Calendars, p. 89.
The Sabbath depending, in Israel’s nomadic period, upon the observation of the phases of the moon, it could not, accordingly be a fixed day [fixed to the week that cycles without end]. www.Jewishencyclopedia.com “Sabbath”
Nisan … is the beginning of our year, on the fourteenth day of the lunar month … which was called the Passover … The Feast of unleavened bread succeeds that of the Passover, and falls on the fifteenth day of the month, and continues seven days…. But on the second day of unleavened bread, which is the sixteenth day of the month, they first partake of the fruits of the earth…. They also at his anticipation of the first fruits of the earth, sacrifice a lamb, as a burnt offering unto God. Josephus, Book III, Chapter X, par. 5, pp. 79, 80. (Contemporary of Yahusha).
The invention of the continuous week was therefore one of the most significant breakthroughs in human beings’ attempts to break away from being prisoners of nature [and from under Yahuah’s law] and create a social world of their own.” The Seven Day Circle: The History and Meaning of the Week, Eviator Zerubavel, New York: The Free Press, 1985. p.11.
Most theologians and some scholars assume that mainstream Jewish society, at the time of Jesus [Yahusha] …was practicing a fixed seven-day week which was the same as the modern fixed [cycling planetary designations] seven-day week. This is extremely doubtful. The change, from a lunar to a fixed week, was brought about by the power and influence of Rome. As long as the Nazarenes held power in Jerusalem, all Roman practices and customs, including that of THE CONSECUTIVE WEEK, WERE HELD AT BAY. Shawui Sabbath: Ancient Sabbath Observance
A.T. Jones states in the footnotes of his book “The Two Republics”:
16 [Page 319] Hefele’s “History to the Church Council,” Laodicea. In both Greek and Latin copies of this canon, the word “Sabbato” is used instead of “Saturday”. . . The following is the Latin: “Quod non oportet Christianos Judizere et otaire in Sabbato, sed operai in eodem die. Preference autem in veneration Dominicum diem si vacare voluerine, at Christiani hoc faciat; quod si reperti fuerint Judaizer Anathema sint a Christo.” The Two Republics, p. 156, Alonzo T. Jones.
English translation of the above edict from the Council of Laodicea, Canon 29:
Christians shall not Judaize and be idle on Sabbath, [referring to the lunar Sabbath that was never referred to as Saturday], but shall work on that day; but the Lord’s Day [referring to Sunday] they shall especially honor, and, as being Christians, shall, if possible, do no work on that day. If however, they are found Judaizing, they shall be shut out from Christ.
Ever since Constantine legislated in A.D. 324, his new “seven day week” with its continuous-weekly-cycle, and appointed Sunday as the sacred day, the whole world has been taken hostage, nation by nation, and deceived by His dual craftiness, and led to forget the Creator’s true calendation.
Under Duress and Persecution from Rome the Jews Changed Their Calendar
Add to that, shortly afterward, in A.D. 358, Sanhedrin Patriarch Hillel II, motivated by the onslaught of continued Jewish persecution, determined to provide an authorized mathematically-based calendar for all time to come that would be in harmony with Rome. By so doing, he severed the ties that united the Jews of the Diaspora to their historical Scriptural roots and to the patriarchate. It is recorded that Rome’s unbroken-cycle-of-weeks of seven days was adopted at a clandestine and maybe final meeting of the Sanhedrin in A.D. 358, marking the last universal decision made by that body. Thus the Jews swapped the Scriptural lunar Sabbaths for the popularized Roman continuous weekly cycle, causing her Sabbaths to no longer be in sync with the New Moons and all other set-apart feast days.
Intercalations [of the calendar] were determined at meetings of a special commission of the Sanhedrin. But Constantius, following the tyrannous precedents of Hadrian, prohibited the holding of such meetings . . . How difficult the fixing of the annual calendar consequently became may be judged from an enigmatic letter addressed to Raba . . . and preserved in the Talmud . . . . Almost the whole Diaspora depended for the legal observance of the feasts and fasts upon the calendar sanctioned by the Judea Sanhedrin; yet danger threatened the participants in that sanction and the messengers who communicated their decisions to distant congregations. . . . As the religious persecutions continued, Hillel II determined to provide an authorized calendar for all time to come, though by so doing he severed the ties which united the Jews of the Diaspora to their mother country and to the patriarchate. I. Singer and S. Mendelsohn, “Hillel II,” www.JewishEncyclopedia.com.
In the Diaspora the New Moon came to occupy a secondary position in contrast to the Sabbath; the prohibition against work and the carrying on of commerce was lifted, and the New Moon, although still celebrated by means of increased offerings, soon was reduced to the rank of a minor or half holiday. Its importance was confined to the fact that it remained of great value and necessity for the fixing of the festivals. Universal Jewish Encyclopedia, “New Moon,” Vol. 8, p. 171.
Blindly, all the modern world has “wandered after the beast” (Revelation 13:3) for calendation. But there is hope, as the light from shamayim is brilliantly shining to dispel the darkness of error, and at such a critical hour. Scripture after scripture, and verse after verse are being revealed and restored from the rubble of being entirely lost in translation. On the wings of two or three witnesses, they testify to the truth, and unravel the lie. It is discovered that Scripture scholars for the past 1600 years have all bought into Rome’s calculated dual deception, either in part or in whole. Sunday keepers have swallowed it whole, while Saturday keepers have at least sought a “seventh-day.” This being one step closer to the Creator’s ordained day of worship. Yet, both days are built upon the same false, Roman devised continuous weekly cycle. While Saturday is indeed the seventh-day, it is not the true seventh-day Sabbath of Scripture, as ordained by the Creator, and Savior of mankind.
So with Roman powers requiring all under her jurisdiction to conform to her calendar, and the Jews ultimately submitting, who could know the truth of it until now? Might it be that our Eternal Father has reserved this issue of the New Moon and its placements of all kadosh (holy days) days as a final test of obedience for the end time? YES! YES! and YES!
Refer to article, Amazing Evidence from Antiquity.
The Evidence Summary
- Rome’s first calendar had an eight-day week that cycled without end.
- This first Roman calendar was designed to disassociate its rhythms from that of the moon.
- Under pressure and in Roman captivity the Jews ultimately gave up their calendar.
- The New Moon is still, and the Sabbath originally was dependent upon the lunar cycle.
- The invention of the continuous week was a significant attempt to break away from nature and create a social world of their own.
- The change from a lunar to a “fixed cycling” week was brought about by the power and influence of Rome.
Genesis 1 and the Sabbath, is there a relation to the New Moon? 5 points
The origin of the Scriptural Sabbath is definitely connected with the creation week. It was instituted by God three days after the creation of the moon (Gen. 1:14; 2:2), not the seventh day after the first day of the month. It was to function independent of the month on a specific sequence of days unconnected from the moon and the sun, but uniquely grounded in God’s power to rule over time. The seventhness of the Sabbath is related to the passing of time, from the beginning of God’s creating activity on planet earth to its close. This is indeed a unique divine act, a fragmentation of time in a sequence of seven days exclusively fixed and governed by God Himself.
Kerrie French’s Rebuttal and Response:
No place can be found in all of Scripture that highlights the week as having a unique time system of its own, fully disconnected from the sun, moon or stars, or specifically from the lunar phases. On the contrary, the simple fact established previously is that because the Sabbath is identified in Genesis 1:14 as a SIGN, then it was signaled by the LIGHTS (plural) of the sun, moon, and stars. To deny this is to contradict the foundational evidence laid for all time-measuring by our Creator.
Strikingly, every place in Scripture that a date can be associated with the seventh-day Sabbath, it consistently falls upon the 8th, 15th, 22nd, and 29th of a lunar month. In other words, every seventh-day Sabbath identified in Scripture is consistently counted from the full New Moon.
Verified below, are Twelve Scripture Stories that identify the seventh-day Sabbaths are always located on the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th of the lunar month. No Scripture references can be found that define the Sabbaths to be on any other dates than these. Refer to article, Sabbath’s Consistent Lunar Monthly Dates.
- Three months in a row. Exodus 12, 16, 19. Refer to article, “Three Months in a Row, The Exodus, The Manna, and the Mountain.”
- Spring and fall Feast days. Leviticus 23:5-6, 34-35; Numbers 29:12-39.
- Two annual Feast days and their respective high Sabbaths. Refer to article, Passover to Tabernacles Calendar Challenge Leviticus 23:5-6, 34, 35; Numbers 29:12-39.
- Dedication of priesthood of Aaron and his sons. Exodus 40:2, 17; Leviticus 8, 9.
- The time of Solomon. 2 Chronicles 7:8-10.
- The time of Esther. Esther 9:18.
- King Hezekiah’s reform. Refer to article, Ten Degrees To and Fro on the Sundial 2 Chronicles 29:17.
- Three kinds of days that never overlap. Refer to article, Worship at the East Gate Ezekiel 46:1.
- The 24 prophetic Kohen (Priestly) courses. 1 Chronicles 9:25 and 2 Chronicles 23:8
- Birth of the Messiah – Refer to article, Our Messiah’s True Prophetic Birthday Luke 1-2
- Healing the blind man on the Sabbath, the 22nd of the Seventh Month. John 8:2, John 9:6 compared to Leviticus 23:35-36.
- Time of the Crucifixion. Refer to article, From the Sixth to the Ninth Hour Mark 15:42; John 19:31; Leviticus 23:6-7, 11, 15; John 19:42.
- Time of the Resurrection. Refer to article, Three Days and Three Nights Matthew 20:1; Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:1-2; Luke 24:1; John 20:1.
In the Beginning of Creation Week
Exodus 20:10 declares, “the seventh-day is the Sabbath of the Yahuah your Alahim/Elohim.” Meaning, that our Creator shared “His Sabbath” of eternity past, present, and future with mankind. He did this so that we may be in sync with the worship rhythms of the shamayim, its messengers, and unfallen worlds as they assemble on His pre-appointed sacred days. But in addition to Yahuah sharing His Sabbaths with mankind, He also imputed to earth— the shamayim’ lunar months and astro-luni-solar years via shamayim’ own New Moon time indicator. How can we know for certain?
Each day of earth’s creation fell upon a work day of the Eternal Father, a cycle of which had existed in eternity past. These six work days were sandwiched between His two sacred and set-apart days. Many who don’t know better assume these were both seventh-day Sabbaths. But this is impossible, for the very reason the ancient Hebrew YEAR, MONTH, WEEK, and DATES of each month were each tied to the New Moons. So when Genesis 1:1 begins with those famous words, “IN THE BEGINNING” (בראשׁית), we can pinpoint exactly where we are in the YEAR, MONTH, WEEK, and count of DAYS of the month.
No different than when finding the beginning of time on a clock, where both hands are pointing straight up at 12:00. For the first day of the ancient Hebrew Year was also the first day of the lunar month. The weeks were begun the next day. This is precisely how our Creator did it. But because New Year’s Day, was also New Moon Day, and was set-apart as REST DAYS and for receiving worship from all His created beings, He began Creating the things of this Earth on the first day of the work week which began the day after New Year’s Day, the kadosh (sacred) New Moon day in Spring.
As a result, there are never more than six days in a row in which the Almighty Father is free to create. This is self-evident in Genesis 1 and in perfect harmony with Exodus 20:10. It is easy to see why folks automatically assume that the first week of creation was sandwiched between two Sabbaths. But, this falls apart in the light of Leviticus 23, Ezekiel 46:1-3 and Isaiah 66:22-23, which identify that the New Moon day is a third kind of day that breaks the cycle of weeks each lunar month.
While our Creator is omnipotent, it is a known fact that there is ONE THING HE CANNOT DO. He cannot lie! However, it has been discovered that there is an additional thing that He cannot do, which is of great significance in establishing the parameters of His preordained calendar rhythms. Our Creator could not create the New Moon sphere on the New Moon day. This is an impossibility for the shear fact that New Moon day is a sacred and set-apart worship day unto Yahuah and the entire universe, rendering it a “REST” day and not a work day. Our loving Creator is both consistent and He “changes not.” To create the New Moon on the New Moon day would be sin, as it runs contrary to Yahuah the Creator’s laws of sacred time.
The calendar illustration below demonstrates what occurred during the creation week. On the full New Moon Day (in blue) the Creator could not have been on earth for any reason, as He was both resting and receiving worship from the host of the New Yarushalom and all the previous creations. Each of the Creator’s six work days are identified (in green). The first day of creation on earth was the second day of the month and year for the Creator and His appointed messengers, whose time rhythms He was to share with Adam and Eve, in a few short days.
The Fourth Day of Creation
It is hard for mankind to fathom that from the Creator’s perspective, time was ongoing, while earth’s time had only just begun. The 8th day of the month (in gold) is His seventh-day Sabbath of the week, an eternal seventh-day Sabbath of Yahuah’s, past, present, and future. Here again He would be resting and receiving worship from all His creation, but now for the first time earthlings were to be included in the Creator’s corporate day of rest and worship, His sign of unity. All according to His celestial TIME-measuring model, with each of the sun, moon, and stars set to their proper positions.
The fact that the sun, moon, and stars were created on the fourth day of the creation week was a most important and dramatic “SIGN” to mankind that earth’s “TIME” was not independent from that of Yahuah’s seat of power. Rather, earth’s “TIME” was hung from Yahuah’s very seat of power, His own portals of TIME.
Just as the Tree of Life was placed in the garden, fully endowed with fruit on the third day, all of creation was created in their complete form with apparent age. Nothing was created as seeds, eggs, or babies. Likewise, on the fourth day the celestial bodies were created and placed in their precise positions in the shamayim, reflecting by their positions, the passage of the first three recorded days of creation. Therefore, the start of earth’s first year, month, week, and day were set, as a clock would be, according to Yahuah’s very seat of power and its full New Moon. Earth was never intended to operate on an independent time-system from that of the entire universe. This was the missing puzzle piece in the Genesis account of the week. It was Yahuah’s New Moon that set the count for years, months, weeks, and days upon the earth, yet worked seamlessly together with the sun, and stars to accurately signal all units of time. Only with this piece of evidence can Genesis be harmonized with the remainder of the Scriptures.
Earth’s sun, moon, and stars were not created nor their time set and placed in their celestial positions until the fourth day. This was a testimony that “TIME” upon earth was designed after the pattern of, and in harmony with the Yahuah’s seat of power. While His time-system is earth’s benefactor, it is those who are obedient to its principles that are the beneficiaries.
After the Second Coming of the Messiah the same calendar rhythm instituted at creation will be utilized, and through out all eternity. According to the following verse, will its week be based on Roman time principles that cycle without end, independent of the moon, or will its week be in harmony with the the time-principles signaled by the LIGHTS that rule in the shamayim?
“Assuredly, according to the [Syzygy] order of the shamayim (starry abode), the New Moons, and the earth: The New Moon that I appointed and set in this order remains firmly the chief corner [stone],” declares Yahuah. Wherefore, it establishes and confirms your name along with your children.”
And it shall come to pass according to its abundance— New Moon by New Moon you shall keep; and according to its abundance— Sabbath by Sabbath you shall keep. And I shall lead all flesh to prostrate in worship, according to this chief corner [stone],” declares Yahuah. Isaiah 66:23 The Creator’s Calendar Restored Hebrew Text. Link to Hebrew Word Study coming soon.
There is no getting around the importance that the Eternal Father places upon His sacred New Moon days and seventh-day Sabbaths. His New Moon day marks the commencement of each month, week and year. Try as one might, it is only through deception that the Creator’s true Sabbaths will appear to be located in any other way.
For those with Adventist roots, below is the S.D.A. view according to their prophet, Ellen White, they will witness suns, stars and systems all circling the seat of Yahuah’s authority. Does this quote appear to imply that “time” above also consists of the same celestial type time markers? Does this not provide evidence that even the Adventists once believed earth’s celestial bodies are patterned after the shamayim? Were these not specifically placedfor the purpose of governing the times for worship of the Creator of the universe. Would this not be the Creator’s system, like synchronized watches, beckoning His many creations to come and worship before Him upon His sacred days?
With undimmed vision they gaze upon the glory of creation: suns and stars and systems, all in their appointed order circling the throne of Deity. Great Controversy, p. 677.
Mankind has been honored by their loving Eternal Father above, as He gave us the same time system, utilizing a sun, moon and stars, as those that define time in the courts above. Nothing is different. There are no wall calendars in the New Yarushalom designating when to come before the Eternal’s throne to worship. All the unfallen worlds would also have suns, moons, and stars that keep the exact same time system, to synchronize all His true followers. All are in perfect harmony, even better than a Swiss watch. Could it be the result of the rebelliousness of man’s heart that earthlings have crafted a different calendar upon different principles, causing us to worship, we know not who, on days we know not what? May our wonderful Savior have compassion upon us all.
Refer to article, Sabbath’s Consistent Monthly Dates.
The Evidence Summary
- Twelve Scriptural stories identify that the seventh-day Sabbaths fell consistently on the lunar dates of the 8th, 15th, 22nd and 29th.
- Earth’s time system is a synchronized COPY of the time model in the New Yarushalom, and not the original.
- It is impossible for the Creator to create the full New Moon on New Moon Day.
- Our Creator can only create during six work days.
- Our Creator must always REST on New Moon days and seventh-day Sabbaths.
- In addition to the Sabbath, our Creator shared His full New Moon.
- Earth’s first week and month were set according to the New Yahrushalom clock.
- S.D.A.’s once believed and taught that, “Through all eternity, the saints will witness the suns, stars and systems circling the throne of deity.” GC, p. 677.
The above calendar illustration will assist the reader in locating the layout of the sacred “Seventh-day” convocations and those sacred convocations occurring in their ordained months. However, view a current calendar at the Home Page.
Sabbath and Festivals, how are they related? 5 points
A lunar Sabbath would imply that the Sabbath is part of the Israelite festivals, but that is not the case. The seventh-day Sabbath was instituted long before the festivals were given to the Israelites. The Hebrew term translated “feasts, festivals,” is mo’edim, and it means “fixed/appointed time, meetings.” It refers to different activities that were not necessarily dated by the lunar calendar (e.g., Jer. 8:7; Hosea 2:9). Even if one were to argue that the term applies to the Sabbath, it does not follow that the time for the Sabbath was fixed by the moon (cf. Lev. 23:2). Besides, Scripture makes it clear that the Sabbath is to be differentiated from the festivals (Lev. 23:37, 38).
Kerrie French’s Rebuttal and Response:
In response to Angel Rodriguez’s statement—a “lunar Sabbath” would imply that the original time measuring model placed in the shamayim (heavens) by our Creator was according to the sun, moon, and stars. This same Creator would have been 100% consistent to position His kadosh (set-apart) Feast Days according to the same time model 2,500 years later, thus likewise according to their lunar months (mo-ade #4150).
Angel Rodriguez uses Leviticus 23:37-38 as evidence that Sabbaths are not festivals. He clarifies that in verse 38 the term “besides” is used four times and therefore renders Sabbaths as separate from the sacred Feast Days. Yet, from both the Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary and the Oxford English Dictionary the term “besides” equally means: a) other than, b) together with, c) in addition to.
This verse is simply summarizing all the important elements that are to be “included with” these offerings so that nothing is left out and no assumptions are made to the contrary. This entire chapter has focused on the sacrifices and offerings for the annual Feast Days, making no mention of the weekly Feast Day offerings, until here in verse 37. Here it is clarified that all the annual sacrifices and offerings are to be in addition to the Sabbath sacrifices and offerings. Thus, when the High Sabbaths occur, where an annual Feast Day falls on a weekly Sabbath Feast Day, the sacrifices and offerings designated for each, are all to be given on that day.
To effectively answer Question 4, Leviticus 23 will be analyzed systematically and point by point. It will be demonstrated below that the true Sabbath is both a Feast Day and intricately associated with the all other Feast Days. This can only occur when both months and weeks are calculated using the same time-measuring model, with the count prompted by the full New Moon day marker. In this case it is the Creator’s astro-luni-solar calendar.
A distinction is made by Yahuah between the earthly sanctuary and the one above. One is made with hands (the hands of man) as instructed according to the pattern shown on the mount. (Hebrews 8:5) and the other is not made with hands, as it is the divine system, the original pattern for human restoration. It is to this system that the earthly pointed. So while the earthly came to an end at the cross, it marked the prophetic commencement of our Yahusha the Messiah’s work and ministry in real time, in the divine temple mechanism above. All the while this is worked out by the Messiah, it is to benefit each soul temple, that human hearts and minds may be restored to the Eternal Father.
Yahuah’s Prophetic Feast Days Reveal His Pre-ordained Calendar
Each Feast Day (sacred convocation) transpired at its appointed time each year as a rehearsal of its prophetic counterpart. These prophetic counterparts will continue to unfold in real time as we follow the movements of our Messiah in His Temple above according to the preordained astro-luni-solar pattern shown Moses on the mount. (Hebrews 8:5; Ezekiel 43:10) It is within the shelter and protection of the shamayim that His celestial timepiece is shown to have been carefully preserved. It did not disappear either at the crucifixion of the Messiah or at the destruction of Jerusalem, when the earthly temple was ultimately destroyed. Finally, it is the yet to be fulfilled fall Feast Days that redirect our focus to its necessary continuance in real time in the courts above.
The fall feast days will be fulfilled in their order just as the spring Feast Days were, on the same time-centric system as they began. The Creator’s time-measuring mechanism remains constant and consistent. It is only as artificial time has been introduced by the witty inventions of man that the world has lost its knowledge of natural time as it was preordained at creation to be demonstrated by sun, moon and stars. While the work of the Messiah in His temple, not made with hands, will one day reach its completion, His ordained time-keeping upon which it was placed, will continue into eternity, with or without you and me.
“Assuredly, according to the order of the shamayim (starry abode), the New Moons, and the earth: The New Moon that I appointed and set in order remains firmly the chief corner [stone],” declares Yahuah. Wherefore, it establishes and confirms your name along with your children.”
And it shall come to pass according to its abundance— New Moon by New Moon you shall keep; and according to its abundance— Sabbath by Sabbath you shall keep. And I shall lead all flesh to prostrate in worship, according to this chief corner [stone],” declares Yahuah. Isaiah 66:23 The Creator’s Calendar Restored Hebrew Text Link to Word Study Table coming soon.
The Feast of the Seventh-day—Weekly Rehearsal of the Thousand Year Sabbath Rest in the New Jerusalem – Leviticus 23:1-3
The seventh-day Sabbath is the first sacred Feast Day listed in the lineup of Feasts in Leviticus 23:1-3. However, there are two distinctions between the seventh-day Sabbath Feasts and the annual Feasts that follow in Leviticus 23:4-44.
- The first difference between them is the intervals in which each occurs. Verse 3 states the Sabbath Feast is to occur on day seven each week as a sacred convocation. Verse 4 states the other Feast days are to be sacred convocations and are to occur in their specific months (#4150 mo’edim).
- The second distinction between the “day seven” Feasts and the annual Feasts are as follows. Each of the annual Feast rehearsals define the prophetic events of the Sanctuary above to be played out in their specific order and in real time on their specific appointed astro-luni-solar calendar dates. In contrast, the “day seven” Feasts are weekly reminders and promises that the entire plan of salvation will not exceed a week of seven thousand years.
In other words each weekly Sabbath is a reminder of our Creator’s love and a promise that sin and death, pain and suffering will all be abolished by His work in the Sanctuary above for the salvation of souls. It is this work that is completed by the end of six thousand years of earth’s history. Then at the commencement of this great one thousand year Sabbath rest, our Savior, Yahusha the Messiah will return, at His second coming for His obedient followers. The seventh thousand year period will be spent with their redeemer, then into eternity.
Notice that both the day seven Feasts and the annual Feasts are given the same status of SACRED CONVOCATIONS. Unequivocally, sacred convocations are Feasts.
By locating these annual Feasts and weekly Sabbaths according to Yahuah’s time-measuring model, as depicted in the Sanctuary and later in the Temple, only then can he/she “FOLLOW THE LAMB WHETHER SOEVER HE GOES.”
Note: Each of the following Feast Days are listed and ordered according to the Leviticus 23 KJV model. It appears there may be another layout of the Feasts, not discussed in this article that is based upon the Gold Standard of the Menorah Orrery. More Here.
Feast of Passover— Annual Rehearsal of the Prophetic Lamb Slain for Sin – Leviticus 23:5
Passover is the pivotal and first appointed annual Feast of the year, as by Divine design, it was strategically placed in the spring, on the very day Adam and Eve sinned, the first lamb slain as the promise of the Messiah. It was the Creator, Himself who clothed the week-old couple with the skins representing His Robes of Righteousness.
All other Feast days and seventh-day Sabbaths hang on the principles outlined for locating Passover. According to Exodus 12 and Leviticus 23, it is always on the 14th day of the first month of Abib, as counted from the full New Moon day. It is always the 6th day of the second week, also known as the preparation day. It is always on or very near the dark conjunction moon. The day following Passover is always the seventh-day Sabbath, which is also always a High Sabbath, because on it the Feast of Unleavened Bread commences. The Hebrew Old Testament and Greek New Testament never refer to Passover as Friday. This is the first of the appointed Feasts which Yahusha, our Messiah fulfilled precisely.
These are the Feasts of Yahuah, sacred convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times [lunar months]. On the fourteenth day of the first [lunar] month at twilight is Yahuah’s Passover. Leviticus 23:4-6
The Feast of Passover is to have a dual application in that it was a memorial of the night the death angel passed over Israel and killed all the first born in Egypt, but also it carried the prophecy of the Messiah who who came and died for the sins of the whole world, and by extension represents earth’s darkest hour.
While most modern Scripture translations declare the killing of the Passover lamb occurred at twilight, meaning sunset, the twilight of sunrise is equally viable and possible. This is due to the fact that our Yahusha the Messiah died during the daylight hours in perfect fulfillment of Passover.
In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, between sunrise and sunset is the Passover of the Ever-Living. Leviticus 23: 5 Ferrar Fenton Version
It must be a perfect he lamb of a year. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats; and you must keep it by you until the fourteenth day of this month, then kill it. All the assembly of the families of Israel must kill it between the dusks (dawn and twilight). Then they shall take of the blood and sprinkle upon the two door-posts, and upon the lintel of the houses where they eat it. And they shall eat the flesh in that night roasted with fire. Exodus 12:5-8 Ferrar Fenton Version
Therefore they offered the first Passover on the fourteenth day of the month between morning and evening, in the Wilderness of Sinai. Numbers 9:5 Ferrar Fenton Version
From the 2nd – 4th centuries A.D., Rome militantly sought to replace Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread, and First Fruits with their own holiday version called Easter. It was primarily designated to occupy one day instead of seven. Their proactive goal was to create a replacement holiday and insure that Easter would never coincide with Passover. Why?
At the crucifixion Yahusha, the divinely appointed time-centric visual event of an extreme solar eclipse, caused the mid-day sky to be black as night. This revealed the starry constellation of Aries the lamb, the icon of the promised Messiah. This epic Passover event has been documented in Scripture’s accounts as well as by extra Biblical sources, such as the famed astronomer, Dionysius the Arepagite. “The sun was darkened from the sixth to the ninth hour.” Luke 23:44-45. Yet, today the Jews have also confused the issue by celebrating Passover at the time of the full moon when the lunar eclipse occurs instead of the solar, causing their accounting of days to be off by 180 degrees.
Feast of Unleavened Bread— Annual Rehearsal of the Prophetic Bread of Life – His Life for Ours – Leviticus 23:6-8
The spring Feast of Unleavened Bread begins at sunrise on the specific day the Scripture records as the “15th day” of the First Month of Abib, counting from the New Moon. This second Feast commences on a seventh-day Sabbath, making the first day of this seven-day Feast a “High Sabbath” each and every year. This Feast ends on the sixth-day of the week, the 21st of the month. The very next day is the 22nd counting from New Moon day and it is the seventh-day Sabbath, and a sacred convocation. (Compare with Leviticus 23:36.)
Using the Scriptural criteria alone, this Feast of Unleavened Bread is both “fixed” to the 15th day count from New Moon day and “fixed” to the seventh-day of the lunar week cycle. As a result, it would be impossible to locate this sacred appointed Feast by using a Gregorian calendar with weeks that cycle without end. Like oil and water, the Gregorian calendar and Scriptural time-keeping do not mix.
So which is easier to do— declare the Roman Gregorian calendar in error or dismiss the Scripture’s astro-luni-solar time-keeping, of which the Feasts and true Sabbaths belong? It is these sacred appointed Feasts of Yahuah that stand as a perpetual witness to the Creator’s unchanging celestial time system.
Feast of First Fruits— Annual Rehearsal of the Prophetic Lamb to be Resurrected – Leviticus 23:9-15
This Feast is often referred to as Wave Sheaf and occupies the 16th day of Abib, as counted from the New Moon day, which is also permanently “fixed” to the first day of the third week. This day follows the seventh-day Sabbath of the 15th today, just as it did at the time of Moses and during the Three Days and Three Nights of the crucifixion and resurrection of Yahusha our Messiah. This is a nail in a sure place. Leviticus 23:9-15, Matthew 28:1-8
He shall wave the sheaf before Yahuah, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. And you shall offer on that day, when you wave the sheaf, a male lamb of the first year, without blemish, as a burnt offering to Yahuah. Leviticus 23:11-13 NKJV
Easter, Feast of the Resurrection is Rome’s counterfeit holiday for this most important Resurrection day of our Messiah and Savior. Many are not aware of Rome’s proactive system of “fixing” Easter to the first Sunday after the Full New Moon. As a result, Easter is likewise appointed by Rome according to the lunar phases. Do you see folks, if the true Passover and its week of Feast days were not tied to the moon, Constantine, never would have needed to tie Easter to the moon as well. There there is the additional factor of ensuring that it occur on SUNDAY, the first day of the Roman planetary week. They do this to insure that their man-made spring holiday will never fall on Scripture’s true and appointed astro-luni-solar Feast of First Fruits, as Constantine wanted nothing in common with Judaism.
Feast of Weeks, Feast of Sabbaths or Pentecost— Annual Rehearsal of the Prophetic Messiah to be Ordained our High Kohen (Priest) – Leviticus 23:15-22
In the Tanakh (OT), Pentecost is consistently referred to as Feast of Weeks or more correctly, Feast of Sabbaths. Pentecost is the term used only in the Renewed Covenant (NT or Brit Hadasha).
First and foremost, the true calendar must be established as the foundation upon which to locate this Feast of Sabbaths correctly. Neither the Julian nor the Gregorian calendars existed at the time the Feast of Sabbaths were instituted by Yahuah. Also, it is utterly impossible to count to the Feast of Sabbaths by using any other calendar than the Scriptural mandated astro-luni-solar calendar, as it is the only one that fits all the criteria of the Sanctuary model.
15 And you shall keep count from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought as a sign the wave sheaf, seven Sabbaths shall be kept whole and complete. 16 Even FROM the day after the Sabbath of the seventh, you shall count out fifty [additional] days, and you shall present the NEW MOON OFFERING unto Yahuah . . .
21 And you shall proclaim and keep it according to the ”WAXED MIGHTY” on the selfsame day that the sacred and set-apart assembly occurs; for as all work, service and business employment shall NOT be done by you as a commandment of eternal perpetuity in all of your assemblies, and for all of your habitations. Leviticus 23:15-16, 21 The Creator’s Calendar New Restored Text
Step by Step Details
- In Verse 15 Begin counting on the 16th day from New Moon of the first lunar month. The 16th day is always the first day of the week, because it always follows a seventh-day Sabbath on the 15th.
- Count seven weeks of Sabbaths is a total of 49 days ending consistently on the seventh-day Sabbath, which is the 8th day of the Third Month.
- Only count Sabbaths complete, which is six work days and one Sabbath. Never count New Moon Days or Translation days, as these are not Sabbaths or six work days in a row.
- Verse 16 says, “Even from the day after the Sabbath of the seventh, you shall count out fifty [additional] days, and you shall present the New Moon offering unto Yahuah. Thus, we must add 50 days or (seven more weeks plus one day) to the count, making it 99 days or (essentially 14 Sabbath’s complete), which was designed to occur consistently on the full New Moon day of the Fifth Month.
- Also in verse 16 we find that the reference to a “new” (chadash חדש #2319) was intended to mean New Moon offering (chodesh חדש #2320). Proof that the term was never intended to be the word “new” comes from the fact that this Hebrew word has a suffix (ה) attached that defines it as singular. The word “new” (chadash #2319) is always singular and never needs instruction to define it as singular or plural. However the New Moon (chodesh חדש #2320) can be either singular or plural and does require a suffix (ה) for instruction.
The words meat/grain offering were inserted by the translators and does not exist in the original Hebrew. This is the nail in a sure place that establishes that the count is not a mere 50 days after all, but rather one that spans the longer period of time allowing it to occur at the time of the New Moon day of the Fifth Month.
- Verse 21 continues with the details of this Count of Shabuoth clarifying that the “waxed mighty” is to be proclaimed on the selfsame day as this sacred New Moon assembly, in which we are to bring a New Moon offering, as stated in verse 16. This verse profoundly identifies the full moon as the true New Moon, which has all this time been hidden under the rubble of translation errors.
- Also according to verse 21, this is a commandment of eternal perpetuity in all your assemblies and habitations. So it is that this Feast and no doubt all the others was designed to continue as long as sin endured among the generations of earth. Yet, it is even possible that after the Messiah’s second coming it will be kept perpetually into the millennial Kingdom to come and the earth made new as ruled by Yahusha our Messiah and King of Kings.
Yahuah uses these seven points to punctuate that even in this count to Feast of Shabuoth, His ordained lunar week and sacred Sabbath is reckoned by the very same full New Moon as all the yearly appointed festivals. This is demonstrated and clarified by this count being fixed simultaneously to both the date of the lunar month, counting from the First New Moon day of the year to the Fifth New Moon day, as well as fixed within the Sabbaths complete, each and every year.
How can it be declared that the Sabbaths have nothing whatever to do with the feasts, when they are the very ordained units of time whereby we must count to this sacred and set-apart feast?
Feast of Trumpets— Annual Rehearsal of the Prophetic Final Call to Repentance – Leviticus 23:24-25
The Feast of Trumpets is a one day feast occurring on the New Moon day of the Seventh Month in the fall of the Scriptural Hebrew year. The name of the feast itself identifies it as announcing or trumpeting an upcoming important event. In this case as in the typical yearly sanctuary service the trumpets warned of the coming final ”Judgment Day,” as marked by the Feast Day of Atonement,” which follows ten days later.
All who willfully do no not wake up, and look to the shamayim (heavens) will not recognize that all the last day events are synchronized according to Scripture’s astro-luni-solar time. Only too late will they discover, the Ruach of Truth had been calling them to humbly surrender.
Feast Day of Atonement— Annual Rehearsal of the Prophetic Judgment Day and Close of Probation – Leviticus 23:27-32
The Day of Atonement falls on the 10th day of the Seventh Month (not a pagan named day), counting from the New Moon. Like all the appointed Feast days of Yahuah, it is fixed not only on the specific date of the month counting from the New Moon, but is also fixed on its specific day of the week. This is because five days later is the Feast of Tabernacles which commences every year on the seventh-day Sabbath, the 15th of the Seventh Month. Therefore, it will always fall on the 2nd day of the second week, the 10th calendar date of the month, counting from the New Moon. This 10th day is a day of afflicting our souls and fasting.
Feast of Tabernacles— Annual Rehearsal of the Prophetic Second Coming of the Messiah – Leviticus 23:33-36
This Festival commenced on the 15th day of the Seventh Month, counting from the New Moon, and ends on the 21st day. Because the first day of this festival begins on a seventh-day Sabbath, it is also a High Sabbath. By clarifying that the day following the seven day Feast (known as the eighth day) was a seventh-day Sabbath, Yahuah punctuated that His ordained week and seventh-day Sabbath are reckoned by His sacred astro-luni-solar calendar system. As a result the set-apart seventh-day Sabbath is lunar, as it is defined by the Full New Moon. This is demonstrated and clarified by this full week festival being fixed simultaneously to both the date of the lunar month, as well as to the specific days of the week, each and every year.
It is here demonstrated that the unbroken-cycles-of-successive-weeks were not authored by the Creator, as they can never be in harmony with the time-centric criteria given by the Almighty Father.
The Eighth Day— Annual Rehearsal of the Prophetic Welcome into the New Jerusalem at the Commencement of the Thousand Years – Leviticus 23:36
This eighth day is located on the day following the seven-day Feast of Tabernacles, which would place it on the 22nd day of the Seventh Month, counting from the New Moon day. This eighth-day falls on the seventh-day Sabbath each and every year. It is only the eighth-day, because it is referred to as following the seven-day Feast of Tabernacles.
Also on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have gathered in the fruit of the land, you shall keep the feast of Yahuah for seven days; on the first day there shall be a Sabbath-rest, and on the eighth day a Sabbath-rest. Leviticus 23:39 NKJV
“You shall keep the Feast of Yahuah for seven days,” then there is an immediate mention of an eighth day, stating it to be a Sabbath rest. Notice at the end of verse 39 it states, “. . . on the first day there shall be a Sabbath-rest, and on the eighth-day a Sabbath-rest.” There is no getting around the point that is made here. As it is again “a nail in a sure place.” Moses under divine guidance is clarifying that the first day of the seven day Feast of Tabernacles, as well as the day following it, are both seventh-day Sabbaths. By necessity, and to remain in harmony with the written word, the 15th and 22nd of the Seventh Month, will continue to be seventh-day Sabbaths each and every year. This is mathematically impossible to achieve with the Roman Gregorian calendar with its unbroken cycle of successive weeks.
Prophetically, the eighth day appears to mark the commencement of the one thousand year Sabbath. It also appears to mark the final great day when Yahusha, Himself opens the pearly gates of the New Jerusalem and welcome His redeemed to enter, saying, “well done, good and obedient servant . . . enter into the joy of your master. Matthew 25:21
It is in these verses that our loving Father profoundly clarifies the foundational connection and unbreakable bond between the days of the week and the days of the month. This shows the weeks were fixed to the count from the New Moon, every month. This is the same as if He had literally written it in stone, as this Feast of Tabernacles was to occur on these same dates, on seventh-day Sabbaths, each and every year for all time. As a sacred witness all the feast days of the Father, together testify to His celestial clock/calendar in the shamayim, for lunar years, months and weeks, and calendar dates. All time upon earth was patterned after the original that circles the Yahuah’s seat of power. The sacred feast days render “unbroken cycles of successive weeks,” a fraud of mammoth proportions.
The Distance Between the Spring and Fall Feasts
Both the spring Feast of Unleavened Bread and the fall Feast of Tabernacles commence on a seventh-day Sabbath and the 15th day counting from their respective New Moons. Using only a continuous weekly cycle of seven days, it is impossible to connect the 15th of any spring month to the 15th of any fall month where both dates fall on the seventh-day Sabbath.
With this simple test is seen that the presumed unbroken-cycle-of-successive weeks cannot remain in harmony with the Creator’s Scriptural calendar for even six months. Therefore, the time span between the spring and fall feast days demonstrate that cycling weeks cannot remain unbroken for 6,000 years, 6 months, or 6 weeks, for the very reason that the New Moon day exists and continues to stand as a beacon of time, breaking the week cycle each and every month.
Refer to article, The Creator’s Units of Time.
Refer to article, Passover to Tabernacles Calendar Challenge.
The Evidence Summary
- The lunar seventh-day Sabbath Feast is a weekly rehearsal of the one thousand year Sabbath rest in the New Jerusalem.
- All the other feasts listed above are annual rehearsals occurring in their appointed lunar months. These depict their prophetic counterparts in real time according to the ministration of Yahusha, our priest, in the sacred and most sacred place of His Sanctuary above, governed by perpetual astro-luni-solar time.
- Each feast, including the Sabbath is fixed to both a specific day of the lunar week as well as to a specific calendar date of the lunar month.
- Cycling weeks cannot remain unbroken for 6,000 years, 6 months, or even 6 weeks, as they are NEVER able to connect the spring feasts to the fall feasts in an unbroken cycle, using the Leviticus 23:1-39 time-centric criteria.
Was the rest required for the Sabbath different from the rest required for the ceremonial Sabbaths? 5 points
Finally, the Sabbath rest was different from the rest required during the ceremonial Sabbath. Leviticus 23:3 states that during the Sabbath the Israelites were “not to do any work” (NIV). But during the time of the sacred assembly the people were commanded to “do no regular work” (23:8, 21, 25, 35, 36, NIV). This indicates that there was a type of work they were allowed to do during the festivals that was forbidden during the Sabbath.
Although the intentions of those promoting the lunar Sabbath may be good, they have to be aware of the fact that they are unintentionally introducing and promoting a Sabbath rest that is different from the Scriptural seventh-day Sabbath rest.
Kerrie French’s Rebuttal and Response:
Angel Rodriguez states above that the seventh-day Sabbath “rest” was different from the
“rest” required during the ceremonial Sabbaths, resulting in the belief that ceremonial Sabbaths were never seventh-day Sabbaths. Sighting Leviticus 23:3, which defines the feast days or ceremonial Sabbaths, he compares it to the seventh-day Sabbath of the Fourth Commandment, in which we are commanded “not to do any work.”
The two Hebrew words used in the Fourth Commandment are (any = kol #3605) and (work = #4399). Yet, these are the exact same words used for the Feast of the Seventh-day in Leviticus 23:1-3. In every case that the command is given to commence a sacred feast day on a seventh-day, it is always a seventh-day Sabbath, and the requirement is that “not any work” be done upon that sacred convocation. Defined below is the weight of evidence.
In the graphic above, all four feasts determined to commence upon the Sabbath or New Moon day are each defined by the same language of the Fourth Commandment stating, “not to do any work” (any = #3605 and work = #4399). Interestingly, in every case except the Feast of the Seventh Day and the Feast of Passover, “no regular (servile) work” was in addition commanded not to be done. In other words, every feast except two are given the command, “to do no regular work,” but on those feasts called sacred convocation Sabbaths (which there are four), the additional command is given that they are “not to do any work.”
Evidently, this subject was not well researched by the B.R.I., as the points sighted as evidence cannot be substantiated. Serendipitously, these very points support the seventh-day Sabbath to be in fact the first feast of obligation. This is because its parameters are marked with the exact same language of the Fourth Commandment, “not to do any work,” just as given for the criteria for the Feast of Unleavened Bread, Feast of Weeks (Pentecost), Feast of Trumpets, and Feast of Tabernacles.
Whether one is a feast keeper currently or not, it is still revealed in Scripture that all the feasts identified in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy are found according to the count from New Moon day. It must be noted that the Sabbath is also listed as a feast that occurs every seventh-day, as counted from the New Moon. (Leviticus 23:1-39)
The Evidence Summary
Four feasts are identified in the chart above that commence upon the seventh-day Sabbath or New Moon day, which are:
1) Feast of the Seventh-day
2) Feast of Unleavened Bread
3) Feast of Trumpets
4) Feast of Tabernacles.
Each of these feast Sabbaths contain the exact same characteristics that “not any work” is to be done, and are therefore in harmony with the Fourth Commandment. Angel Rodriguez’s argument is false.
The final call is given to “come out of her my people” (Revelation 18:4). But of what are His people to come out of? We are to come out of the false traditions of men as symbolized by Egypt, Babylon, and Rome, and their collective mixture of truth with error. Yahuah’s people are called to remove themselves from all dictates of the Beast Power; the same Beast Power that Daniel declared was to change the calendar and the law of Yahuah. This power with its laws and false calendar is the great enemy of the souls of men.
“He shall insult the Most High, he shall torment/wear out the sacred ones of the Most High, and he shall attempt to change the calendar and the ordinance” Daniel 7:25 Twentieth Century Knox translation.
Is it any surprise that the crest symbol for Pope Gregory, of Gregorian calendar fame, is none other than that of a dragon?
All those who proactively choose to be obedient followers to Yahuah, “to walk not according to the flesh, but according to His Ruach (spirit)” (Romans 8:1), will seek to align themselves with the all the principles of the shamayim. It is these principles borne out by the sun, moon, and stars (Genesis 1:14-18), that will place His them in harmony and “in one accord” with the rhythms of the New Jerusalem, the appointed messengers, and the unfallen worlds beyond.
The evidence presented here is of an urgent nature, as the events prophesied by each sacred appointed Feast day are to be completed in their order, just as they began. The very next event to come upon the world will be the Seven Trumpet plagues. It appears they are to commence precisely upon the Feast of Trumpets, the New Moon day of the Seventh Month. Please review the details for this event in this article and Scripture and pray that you will not “be weighed in the balances and found wanting.”
There is a cross to bear for each soul who chooses to follow the “way the truth and the life” (John 14:6). The Lamb slain from the foundation of the world is the great theme borne out in Scripture and the temple above, the original pattern. As displayed in the Sanctuary image above, it is only in keeping the sacred feasts at their appointed times that one can truly “follow the lamb whither soever He goes.” Each time-centric astro-luni-solar event was designed for man to participate and enter through loving obedience into full cooperation with Yahusha’s three part restoration ministry. May each prayerfully inquire, how it is that they may truly follow the LAMB on earth (Revelation 14:4), that they may be counted worthy to follow above according to the same three part celestial time theme of His divine mechanism above, to restore souls back to the Father.
We each have much to learn and much more to unlearn.
The two conflicting time systems will one day soon be seen in their proper light, bringing closure to the age old great controversy between Yahusha and Satan. One reveals the most beautiful story ever told in the context of His temple, not made with hands, while the other utterly disowns it. Your choice of calendars determines who you worship, and will have eternal consequences. Will you follow the ever popular calendar crafted by man, or the Creator’s calendar that’s visible in the shamayim, beyond the tampering reach of man or beast?
“As for me and my house, we will serve Yahuah.” Joshua 24:14
When a man or woman is honestly mistaken
and they hear the truth,
They will either quit being mistaken
Or cease to be honest.
The evidence has been presented. It’s time to prayerfully consider in which position lays the Scriptural weight of evidence. The choice is between the Saturday Sabbath as proclaimed by Papal Rome, or the Lunar Sabbath as proclaimed by Scripture and its celestial time-piece.
The shamayim declare the majesty of Alahim; and the firmament shows His handiwork. Day unto day utters speech, and night unto night reveals knowledge. There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard. Psalms 19:1-3 NKJV (with revision)
May Yahuah continue to guide you as you diligently seek Him.