The Last Supper Question
Discover in this short interlinear Greek word study upon which day the Last Supper actually took place according to Scripture, and why. Could the true Messiah celebrate the Passover and be the Passover Lamb on the very same day? Might there have been a conflict of calendars? Or, might the simple truth lie at the feet of a poor translation?
The Last Supper Question
All the modern translations render the Last Supper of Luke 22:7-8 as occurring on the actual 14th day from the New Moon and on the same day as the yearly Passover Feast. Yet, if this were true, then Yahusha could not have been the true Messiah, as the true Messiah was to fulfill the prophetic law by laying down His life on the appointed day of Passover.
Some even believe that Yahusha the Messiah’s kept a different calendar that had a one day discrepancy to that of the whole nation of Israel as they celebrated Passover the following day. But this is unlikely, as not a word is spoken in this regard. It seems that in AD 31, Israel was on task with the correct calendar. Yet, I believe the conflict occurs because of a poor translation, utterly missing the mark that Yahusha the Messiah could not both eat the Passover and be the Passover Lamb on the very same day.
Passover Ordained in Eden
It all began in the Garden of Eden, where Adam and Eve were warned by their Creator not to eat of the forbidden tree, for if they did, they would “surely die.” Following their sinful act of disobedience, Yahuah, in His compassion, illustrated through the death of the first lamb that indeed, “the wages of sin are death.” In this way, they could discern and see that their sin caused the death of not only themselves and all their offspring in the generations to come, but of an innocent victim by their own hand.
That first death by the hand of Adam must have had a horrifying impact on this pair, especially as they watched the life slowly leave the victim, all the while knowing its death was required because of their sin. Then adding insult to injury, the skins of their murdered victim were placed upon them as a restorative covering. All of this was designed to teach mankind that sin destroys everything including the sinner. The sinner is hopelessly lost and doomed to eternal separation from their Creator, unless there is a substitute that steps in to take their place by giving its own life. So it is that only the Messiah, the true prophetic Passover Lamb, may cloth His true followers with robes of His righteousness that through their confession of sin upon Him that they may receive pardon, restoration, and salvation.
Since the fall in Eden and according to the story line in Luke 22:7-8, the 14th of Abib, was the synchronized date marked for Passover. The lamb skins (Genesis 3:21) were fashioned and used to clothe Adam and Eve by their Creator, as token robes of the promised Messiah’s righteousness to prefigure the sin covering final antidote made possible by our Savior..
Also for Adam and his wife Yahuah Alahim made tunics of skin, and clothed them. Genesis 3:21
This verse is possible only as the first lamb gave its life. This event marked the first death, sacrifice, and qualifying promise of the Messiah yet future, who would pay the price for sin by His own death. For it is stated that the tunics that were fashioned by Yahuah Alahim were made of skins. This is profound foundational evidence for our belief in the sacrificial ministry of the true Messiah.
This custom of sacrificing a lamb was honored by Adam’s son Abel, who was himself slain because his obedient sacrifice was accepted by Yahuah and Cain’s was not.
And in the process of time it came to pass that Cain brought an offering of the fruit of the ground to Yahuah. Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat. And Yahuah respected Abel and his offering, but He did not respect Cain and his offering. And Cain was very angry, and his countenance fell. . . Now Cain talked with Abel his brother; and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him. Genesis 4:2-5, 8
Noah was no stranger to offering sacrifices to Yahuah and did so when he was able to walk again on dry land.
Then Noah built an altar to Yahuah, and took of every clean animal and of every clean bird, and offered burnt offerings on the altar. Genesis 8:20
So it was that the true believers in the promised Messiah continued this custom that had begun in Eden, under the guidance of Yahuah. These included Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. But it appears that at the time of Moses, this same lamb sacrifice of the 14th of Abib, with the sprinkling of blood on the doorposts, received added significance for Israel as they were spared the death sentence, when Yahuah passed over (Passover) at midnight and only killed the first born of Egypt. Following this event the Sanctuary/Temple system was established that included the yearly feast/sacrifice schedule overseen first by Aaron, and continued through to the time of David, Isaiah, Jeremiah, priests of the temple services until the Messiah came.
From the first sacrifice in Eden to that epic and final Passover sacrifice in Jerusalem was four thousand years, to the very day. Synchronized by the full New Moon, it marked the commencement and not the end of the prophetic seven phase ministry of the Messiah, divided into three basic functions in their order: 1) As the Lamb sacrifice for sin; 2) As the High Priest according to the order of Melkizedek, our intercessor in the shamayim (heavenly) restoration system; 3) And as our King and deliverer.
This yearly Passover feast day will continue to be celebrated until the second coming of the Messiah with bread and wine, with neither a lamb nor grape juice as some teach. This is because Passover was a spring event, and the grape harvest occurred in the fall. These ancient folks had no way to preserve grape juice for eight months without it fermenting. Also all who continue sacrificing the symbolic lambs for Passover are actually declaring that their Messiah has not yet come.
Was the Messiah Utilizing a Different Calendar?
Some have suggested that the reason Yahusha the Messiah celebrated Passover a day early was because that was actually the night of the true Passover and that the nation of Israel was in reality off by a day, by celebrating it the next day. But let’s examine the evidence to see if this view has merit.
On the fourteenth day of this lunar month, at twilight, you shall keep it at its appointed time. According to all its rites and ceremonies you shall keep it.” Numbers 9:3
The fourteenth from the full New Moon of Abib was the appointed time since the beginning. This could only be rightly fulfilled by the death of the Messiah on the self-same day.
And He [Messiah] said, “Go into the city to a certain man, and say to him, ‘The Teacher says, “My time is at hand; I will keep the Passover at your house with My disciples.”‘” Matthew 26:18
On the fourteenth day from the sixth to the ninth hour (Noon – 3:00 PM) the sun was darkened.
Now it was about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour.
Thenthe sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was torn in two. Luke 23:44, 45
While three of the Renewed Covenant (NT) authors record this same event, it is only Luke that identifies that the darkness is caused by the sun being darkened. This was a classic case of a solar eclipse. Every time in previous history when the sun was darkened it had always been because the dark conjunction moon stood squarely between the earth and the sun. This event was no different, except in the length of the eclipse and the degree of darkness.
The modern translations insert the word “then” to cause it to appear that the sun being darkened did not cause the darkness over all the earth. This tricky word play fuels the notion that at the time of this Passover the crescent was the true New Moon, with the full moon occurring mid-month. According to solid evidence, this was not dark clouds or a plague of blackness as some Messianics use to support their Jewish traditional views that the crescent moon is the new moon. Yet, the witnesses of the Scriptures and history tell a very different story, that the full moon was the original New Moon, for indeed a solar eclipse occurred at the appointed time of our promised Messiah’s Passover.
Just as ancient Israel kept seeking after the gods of clay and stone of the surrounding nations, it appears that under strong persuasion and persecution of their Roman conquerors they finally succumbed to adopt the Babylonian crescent moon calendar system within 300 years following the Passover crucifixion. How it happened has not been recorded in great detail, but that it happened is self-evident.
Refer to article, The Sun was Darkened from the Sixth to the Ninth Hour.
Verse 7 begins by indentifying “there is yet one day to go before the day of Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread.” In other words this is telling us that today is the 13th, making the next day the 14th of the lunar month of Abib, the true and sacred set-apart day of the yearly Feast of Passover (Leviticus 23:5). The word choices, “there was even yet to go one day” identifies that indeed this was the day before the 14th. Context is everything, and when the requirements of context are not met it is clear something is wrong. In this case it appears to be with the translation.
Verse 8 tells us that in spite of this fact that this was a day early. The Messiah sent Peter and John to go and prepare the Passover sacrifice on this day, the day of the 13th, as counted from the full New Moon, so they may eat it together. It is the word “but” that makes the difference and harmonizes the storyline. Therefore, the significance of this is that if they did not eat it this day, the day prior to Passover, they would not be able to eat it together at all, and the opportunity for the grand lesson would be lost. No doubt, this raised questions in the minds of the disciples, as it was unheard of to celebrate a set-apart feast day on a day other than the feast itself, unless they were unclean and must postpone for the second month. But in their full and complete trust of their Master, they complied and did as they were asked.
There is no reason to believe that they did not actually prepare the required lamb in addition to the bread, wine and bitter herbs, as Verse 8 attests. But this was to be the last Passover lamb they would ever eat, as the typology met its fulfillment and there was no need for lambs to be sacrificed ever again, as the Messiah was the true and only Lamb that takes away the sins of the world.
Our Messiah had a plan to use this special meal as an opportunity to instruct His disciples this one last time. In this way He was able to illustrate in real time the night prior to His crucifixion, the true depth of the meaning of the lamb sacrifice, the symbols of the bread being His body broken for us, and the wine being His blood to be spilled for the sins of the entire world.
In our Savior’s foreknowledge, it is clear that He knew He would not be able to eat the paschal sacrifice meal the following day, on the true appointed 14th day of Passover, as this was to be the day that type would meet anti-type. For Him, tomorrow was the designated day upon which He was to lay down His life for mankind (John 15:13). It was to be the day that He fulfilled the prophetic Passover sacrifice that had so publicly been displayed in the Sanctuary/Temple model for the past 1500 years (Leviticus 23:5). He was, after all, the promised Lamb of Yahuah to be slain for the sins of the whole world (John 1:29).
It appears that the truth on this subject lies squarely at the feet of a poor translation. Further, evidence of the solar eclipse on the 14th synchronizes the prophetic appointed time from Eden, Abraham, the Exodus, to the Passover crucifixion.
Yahusha the Messiah celebrated the last supper on the 13th with His disciples in a unique and private ceremony, a full twenty-four hours previous to the traditional Levitical Feast of Passover, as kept by the entire Hebrew nation. This is because He could not have been both eating (the sacrifice?), and being the appointed prophetic sacrifice fulfillment at the same time on the 14th. He planned and asked His disciples to prepare an early paschal meal just for them, acknowledging that indeed “there was one day to go before Passover.” So He appointed Peter and John to make ready the meal. They then proceeded to celebrate it the night of the 13th. From the evidence, it appears our Savior utilized this time to teach precious lessons relating to Himself as the true Lamb, and to give them confidence for the future by stating that He would not drink of the cup here after, until they met again in the New Jerusalem (Mark 14:23), referring to the Marriage Supper of the Lamb (Revelation 19:9).
Honored are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!’ Revelation 19:9