SUNRISE or SUNSET
When Does a Day Begin?
According to the weight of evidence in Scripture, a day is a mere twelve hours in length and commences at sunrise and terminates at sunset. The night is divided by four watches commencing at sunset and terminating at sunrise. A full calendar date is twenty-four hours long and is NOT synonymous with a day. In contrast a full civil calendar date includes all the components of both the day and the night, and commences at sunrise and not at midnight or sunset. A day is only the first half of a full lunar calendar date, while the night is the second half. The day and night occupy opposite portions of time in a full lunar calendar date. Day and night NEVER overlap or occupy the same space of time.
For far too long, good and honest people have been content to follow Jewish and Roman fables (Titus 1:14) as to when the day begins that are not supported by the weight of evidence in Scripture. Yet, all along the truth has been there for the taking, with only a little effort, the evidence can be gathered from original Hebrew or Greek text.
The mere fact that at this late hour this unit of time is being revealed, should tell us our Messiah is returning soon for His obedient followers, who will be fully restored to the timekeeping of His Eternal Kingdom. The following present truth is designed to equip Yahuah’s followers for the battles over truth that lie ahead.
Please note that all references in this study to the Lord God and Jesus Christ have been restored to their original Hebrew names of Yahuah Alahim, and Yahusha the Messiah.
Question 1: According to Genesis 1:1-5, what was the first thing the Creator called forth into existence?
In the beginning was Alahim the Creator, the Aleph and Tav of the shamayim (heavens) and the Aleph and Tav of the earth. The earth consisted of NOTHINGNESS, EMPTINESS, AND DARKNESS, which were upon the face of the endless abysss. The Ruach (Spirit) of Alahim hovered over the face of the shamayim (deep space). Commandingly declared Alahim, “Let there be LIGHT;” and there was LIGHT. For behold, Alahim, the Aleph and Tav, is the LIGHT and absolute GOODNESS. And separating them, Alahim made a distinction of the LIGHT from the distinction of the darkness. Alahim called the LIGHT “DAY” (as opposed to night), and the darkness He called “night” (as opposed to day). And then followed dusk (the beginning of night), and then followed dawn (the end of night), the first 24 hour division of time. Genesis 1:1-5 The Creator’s Calendar Restored Text
Question 2: What was the first thing the Creator named?
” And separating them, Alahim made a distinction of the LIGHT from the distinction of the darkness. Alahim called the LIGHT “DAY” . . .
Question 3: What was the second thing the Creator named?
and the darkness He called “night” (as opposed to day).
Question 4: According to Genesis 1:1-5, when did the Creator make the darkness?
Answer: Surprising as this may be to some, the Creator did not make or create the darkness. As defined above, darkness is the absence of light. Darkness was the absence of the creative force. To make a distinction between the darkness and the light the creator separated them, meaning that they will forever hold different periods of time and never overlap. He then sealed His declaration that He separated them when He gave them their names. Day and night are NOT synonymous terms, but rather they are opposites.
Question 5: Since darkness is the absence of light, then what is night?
Question 6: According to the entire Renewed Covenant (NT), daylight is divided into 12 basic units of time. What are these units called?
And when those came who were hired about the eleventh hour, they each received a denarius. Matthew 20:9-10 NKJV
Yahusha answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the light of this world. 10 But if one walks in the night, he stumbles, because the light is not in him.” John 11:9-11 NKJV
Question 7: A sundial only works during the hours from sunrise to sunset, so what was used to reckon units of time during the dark of night?
- Evening Watch – This first watch of the night commences at sunset and it occupied the period known as dusk or twilight, the mixture of light and darkness, and ends at full darkness. Mark 13:35
- Midnight Watch – This second watch of the night commences at full darkness and ends precisely at Midnight. It was the position of the moon and the stars that declared true midnight. Luke 12:38
- Cock Crowing Watch – This third watch of the night commences at midnight and ends at the first light of dawn or morning twilight. Also, this was the period that was characteristic of when the rooster began to crow. Luke 12:38
- Morning Watch – This fourth watch of the night commences at the first visible light in the eastern sky, the time the rooster began to crow, which is also known as dawn or morning twilight, the mixture of light and darkness. The Morning Watch ends at sunrise. Matthew 14:25
The term “night watch” was born out of the idea of watching for the first rays of a new day at sunrise. The focus was always on the light; looking for the light; ever seeking the light. In this way a living illustration was created that expressed the value Yahuah places on the light of day in contrast to the darkness of night.
For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved. But he that doeth truth cometh to the light that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in Alahim. John 3:20-21
But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness! No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve Alahim and mammon. Matthew 6:23-24
Ye are all the children of light, and the children of the day: we are not of the night, nor of darkness. Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober. 1 Thessalonians 5:5-6
Again, a new commandment I write to you, which thing is true in Him and in you, because the darkness is passing away, and the true light is already shining. He who says he is in the light, and hates his brother, is in darkness until now. He who loves his brother abides in the light, and there is no cause for stumbling in him. But he who hates his brother is in darkness and walks in darkness, and does not know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded his eyes. 1 John 2:8-11 NKJV
Thus says Yahuah, who gives the sun for a light by day, the ordinances of the moon and the stars for a light by night. “If those ordinances depart from before Me, says Yahuah, then the seed of Israel shall also cease from being a nation before Me forever.” Jeremiah 31:35-36 NKJV
From this verse we can acquire the following facts:
- When the above verse speaks of the stars it is speaking of visible stars.
- When the above verse speaks of the sun the same principle applies, therefore it speaks of a visible sun.
- When stars are present and visible, it is night.
- When the sun is present and visible, it is day.
- The sun and stars are never visible at the same time.
- A visible moon is also spoken of as a light by night. When it is present and ruling, it is a light by night. Although the moon spends exactly the same visible time in the day sky as it does in the night sky.
- This is the direct instruction by the Creator, Yahuah, for the division of day and night.
- Each of these lights only rule when they are visible, journeying the entire length of the sky from east to west.
Day and night are here differentiated specifically by the “sun” and the “stars.” They simply are not both visible at the same time. When the sun ceases to shine the stars begin their shining. Please notice that it is not merely light that is given for the portion that makes up the “day,” but rather it states the “sun” is for a light by day. The Mazzeroth, wheel of the stars, perpetually shine forth from the shamayim by night as they revolve from one ruling constellation to the next. The word “ordinance” here means the appointed time circuit of the sun, moon and stars. It is the moon and stars that were ordained to rule by night. At sunset one or two planet/stars begin to be visible, and one or two stars continue to be visible until sunrise.
How much more clear could our loving Father be? If the “day” occupied the period from dawn through the end of dusk, the “day” would also be overlapping the shining of the stars and the moon for 1 ½ to 2 hours at dusk and then again just before sunrise. We can know with certainty that the period just before sunrise is still considered “night” by the Creator, as well as just after sunset, because there is at least one planet/star visible just prior to sunrise and at least one planet/star visible just after sunset.
It was the Creator, Himself who clarified that the division between “day” and “night” is made manifest by the visible sun, moon and stars. When the “day” is divided properly, there will be no overlapping of His celestial lights. Therefore, the only possible parameters of the day, is from sunrise to sunset, as there is no overlapping of sunshine with the moon and stars. The moment the radiant beams of the sun disappear at sunset the first stars begin to appear in perfect harmony with the division of day and night in the Genesis 1 and Exodus 16 account.
For what fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness? And what communion has LIGHT with darkness? 2 Corinthians 6:14
Refer to article, Visible Stars Define the Parameters of Day and Night.
Question 10: According to Genesis 1:5, when does a night begin and end?
Alahim called the LIGHT “DAY” (as opposed to night), and the darkness He called “night” (as opposed to day). Genesis 1:5
Question 11: So if a night begins at sunset, occupying the entire dark period, when does a day begin?
Alahim called the LIGHT “DAY” (as opposed to night), and the darkness He called “night” (as opposed to day). Genesis 1:5
Question 12: According to the modern Scripture translations Genesis 1:5, what is the definition given for the word “evening?”
Alahim called the LIGHT “DAY” (as opposed to night), and the darkness He called “night” (as opposed to day). Genesis 1:5
#1689 Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT) corresponds to #6153 in Strong’s Concordance.
‘ereb: Evening, night. Likely developed from the expression, “the setting of the sun, sunset.” Includes: to enter, to go down of the sun. . .
‘ereb is found 131 times in the OT. The phrase “there was an evening and there was a morning” occurs six times in the creation narrative (Genesis 1:5-31), delimiting the six days of divine creative activity. This phrase would indicate that in ancient Israel a day began with sunrise. Some have felt this at variance with the Jewish practice of regarding sunset as the beginning of the next day. Cassuto, after dealing with the Biblical data and the Jewish custom, concludes that there was “only one system of computing time: the day is considered to begin in the morning . . . This judgment appears vindicated in the employment of “ereb in Levitical legislation respecting uncleanness. One was considered unclean because of certain acts “until the evening” (Lev. 11:24, plus thirty times). This is, one was unclean for the duration of the day. Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (TWOT) #1689, p. 694.
Evening literally means sunset, night, and dusk.
Question 13: According to the Genesis 1:5, does the Creator say that the evening is part of the day or part of the night?
Here is how the text should read. Note the first sentence identifies the creation event followed by what occurred after that day’s creation event:
Alahim called the LIGHT “DAY”, and the darkness He called “night”. And then followed dusk, and then followed dawn, the first 24 hour division of time. Genesis 1:1-5 The Creator’s Calendar Restored Text
Question 15: Now, with a more complete understanding of the differences of day and night as declared by the Creator, during what period of time did He do all of His works of creation?
And the earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its kind. And Alahim saw that it was good. Then occurred the dusk (twilight), then occurred the dawn (twilight), day three. Genesis 1:12-13
Below is an illustration delineating Creation’s daily cycle of time as it is outlined in Scripture. All creation occurred during the daylight (in gold) from sunrise to sunset. This is then followed by the evening twilight exchange that ushers in the darkness of the night.
Note: From the fourth day through the seventh day the sun ruled the day, and the moon and the stars ruled the night. Each of these luminaries arise from the east and shine their light unto the west on these days. But the night of the full moon, it rules supremely, announcing New Year’s day or the new lunar month to commence the next morning at sunrise. One night only each month it arises from the eastern horizon and sets on the western horizon. The night of the full moon, according to the Creator’s seat of power in the New Jerusalem itself, would have been the day prior to the first day of creation. So although the moon was created perfect on the fourth day, it was synchronized to the preordained time-piece of the Creator’s own dwelling place. Thus, it was set in its fourth day position the day it was created as a waning phase with four portions of darkness on it. Its phase defines its position and illustrates it only rules the night from the boundary markers set by the Creator to be from horizon to horizon. Any portion of darkness on a lunar phase identifies it as not arising in the east at sunset and setting in the west at sunrise.
Question 16: In Genesis 1, Moses records the Creator declaring six times the above circle of time, day one, two, three, etc. So when the seventh-day is mentioned in Chapter 2, what period of time did the Creator designate as sacred? Was it a full circle of time, the daylight followed by the night, or was it only to be the daylight hours?
And on the seventh day Alahim ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. 3 Then Alahim honored the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which Alahim had created and made. Genesis 2:2-3 NKJV
Answer: The sacred hours of the Sabbath are only the daylight portion of the full 24 hour circle of time, and are reckoned by hours. No where in scripture is there a hint of the night watches occurring on the Sabbath. If the day was to begin at sunset, this Scripture verse would be the place where it would be overtly declared by the Creator, stating He rested on the seventh night, three times instead of the seventh day. See John 11:9. The foundational truth established in Genesis 1:5 was the permanent division of daylight from night. All creation was performed during the daylight, so it stands to reason that when the Creator ceased or rested on the seventh-day, it was during the same time period that He formerly did His work of creating.
Question 17: What examples from Scripture show that our Creator designed the physical realities of light and darkness with a spiritual symbolic application?
But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shines more and more unto the perfect day. The way of the wicked is as darkness: they know not at what they stumble. Proverbs 4:18-19
Yahusha, the Messiah said, “I am the light of the world: he that follows me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.” John 8:12
“Ye are the light of the world”. Matthew 5:14
“Let your light so shine before men” Matthew 5:16
In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. And the light shines in darkness and the darkness comprehended it not. John 1:4
The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the light that all men through him might believe. John 1:7
“For every one that does evil hates the light, neither comes to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved. But he that does, comes to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in Alahim.” John 3:20
But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, a set-apart nation, a peculiar people; that ye should show forth the praises of him who had called you out of darkness into His marvelous light. 1Peter 2:9
Then Alahim said, “Let there be LIGHTS in the firmament of the shamayim to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years. Genesis 1:14 NKJV
Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the FATHER OF LIGHTS, with whom there is no variation or shadow of turning. James 1:17 NKJV
Answer: LIGHTS! Notice it does not say nights and darkness, but lights were given to divide the day from the night. The “day” is governed by the direct rays of the sun, occupying the time from sunrise to sunset. The night lights appear when the sunset, as one by one the stars begin to shine. Also, our Creator is referred to as the FATHER OF LIGHTS in which there is no shadow of a turning orbit. The sun and stars never have shadows, so this reference of “no shadow” is specifically regarding the moon. When the moon represents the “Father of Lights” it is only when there is no shadow of its turning orbit. There is only one lunar phase that fits this description, and that is the full moon. This is one reason we are obliged to believe the full moon was the Creator’s original New Moon. Praise Yahuah!
Question 19: If a “day” begins at sunset, when it becomes dark, then when does a “night” begin?
When the Gazites were told, “Samson has come here!” they surrounded the place and lay in wait for him all night at the gate of the city. They were quiet all night, saying, “In the morning, when it is daylight, we will kill him.” Judges 16:2 NKJV
You make darkness, and it is night, in which all the beasts of the forest creep about. Psalms 104:20 NKJVWhile the earth remains,
seed-time and harvest,
cold and heat,
summer and winter,
and day and night
shall not cease.
Genesis 8:22 KJV
Answer: Day and night DO NOT both start simultaneously at the same moment. If so, they would be the same. A day starts when it becomes daylight (direct rays of sunlight) according to Judges 16:2. Night starts when it becomes dark, the time when the animals begin to creep about according to Psalm 104:20. The most striking of the examples above is the third one from Genesis 8:22, which illustrates this point with four unique comparisons. Each of these comparisons are total opposites found in nature, illustrating day and night as the ultimate epitome of opposites.
If this were not enough, notice that each of the examples for comparison are given in their precise order: Seed-time must precede the harvest in all cases. Cold existed prior to the creation of the sun. Because the Scriptural shamayim year commences in spring, the summer will occur first as the year ends with winter. Likewise, the day commences prior to the night in perfect harmony with the previous three examples. Each of these comparisons is punctuated with the point given to Noah when coming out of the ark that these shall perpetually remain on earth and “shall not cease.”
From the Book of Jubilees is an example of the same theme of Yahuah’s promise to Noah, which appears to have escaped the scrutiny of Constantine or the later Correctories of Rome, as it declares a vital truth in five revealing words at the very end. (We do not endorse the Book of Jubilees as a whole for it contains many contradictions.)
. . . All the days of the earth,
seed-time and harvest
shall never cease,
cold and heat,
summer and winter,
and DAY AND NIGHT
SHALL NOT CHANGE THEIR ORDER
NOR CEASE FOREVER.
Book of Jubilees 6:4-5
Subsequently, according to this ancient manuscript, not only shall these “not cease” but their ORDER SHALL NOT CHANGE. But has the order of the day and night changed? According to Rome the night comes first as it begins with midnight. According to the modern Jews the night comes first as it commences at sunset. One must ask— was this vital principle, which is so clearly stated in the Book of Jubilees, proactively removed from the Scriptures so mankind today would blindly believe what Rome and the Jews declare?
Question 20: Is “midnight” the middle of the night or the middle of the day?
And so it was, at noon, that Elijah mocked them and said, “Cry aloud, for he is a Alahim; either he is meditating, or he is busy, or he is on a journey, or perhaps he is sleeping and must be awakened.” 1 Kings 18:27 NKJV
Question 21: When the Scriptures speak about the break of day in 2 Samuel 2:32, Judges 19:25 and Job 7:4; is this speaking of sunrise or sunset?
Then they took up Asahel and buried him in his father’s tomb, which was in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at daybreak. 2 Samuel 2:32 NKJV
But the men would not heed him. So the man took his concubine and brought her out to them. And they knew her and abused her all night until morning; and when the day began to break, they let her go. Judges 19:25 NKJV
Then Alahim said, “Let there be lights in the firmament of the shamayim to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and seasons, and for days and years; and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth;” and it was so. Then Alahim made two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. He made the stars also. Alahim set them in the firmament of the shamayim to give light on the earth, and to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. And Alahim saw that it was good. Genesis 1:14-18 NKJV
To Him who made great lights, for His compassion endures forever, The sun to rule by day, for His compassion endures forever; the moon and stars to rule by night, for His compassion endures forever. Psalms 136:7-9 NKJV
I know that whatever Alahim does, it shall be forever. Nothing can be added to it, and nothing taken from it. Alahim does it, that men should fear before Him. Ecclesiastes 3:14 NKJV
The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our Alahim stands forever. Isaiah 40:8 NKJV
You make darkness, and it is night, in which all the beasts of the forest creep about. Psalms 104:20 NKJV
Question 26: In Numbers 11:32, it says that the Children of Israel gathered the quail all that day, and all that night, and all the next day. So how many days and how many nights did they gather quail?
And the people stayed up all that day, all night, and all the next day, and gathered the quail (he who gathered least gathered ten homers); and they spread them out for themselves all around the camp. Numbers 11:32 NKJV
Answer: They gathered quail for two days and one night. But if a day begins at night then they would have gathered quail three days and three nights. But the most profound evidence in the verse above is the inference that the night followed the day. So the night that belonged to the first day mentioned was the night that followed it. Then the reference was made that the second day mentioned was the “next day.” From this verse, the day begins at sunrise, and NOT at sunset.
Question 27: If the day begins at sunrise, then why do the Scripture verses that describe when the Messiah was resurrected, say “early in the morning” while it was yet dark?
Answer: Great question. An error has been discovered in the translations that place the word “early” or “early in the morning” in place of the Greek word “proi” #4404. While it has been regularly translated to mean “early in the morning,” it actually means during the “fourth watch of the night” or “daybreak watch” or “dawn.” See Mark 16:2, 9; John 20:1; Matthew 20:1
Strong’s Concordance Greek Definition:
#4404 (proi) = at dawn; by implication, the Daybreak Watch. 1. Proi is the fourth watch of the night.
Please do not miss this point. Dawn and dusk are both equated with the night and not with the day. It is in these very Scripture verses intended to prove that dawn is part of the day that the weight of evidence is given to the contrary. Dawn is synonymous with the last watch of the night. These verses include all the time references in the Brit Hadasha (NT) to the Resurrection.
Question 28: If Yahuah gave the manna from above, only for the purpose of feeding the people and illustrating, which day was the seventh-day Sabbath, then why is there so much written in Exodus 16 about other time units defined by the daily manna?
He gave precise specifications regarding the gathering of the manna as He stated it would be used to test their obedience to Him. It was His ordained plan to use a feeding schedule to restore Israel back to His astro-luni-solar time system.
- . . .that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. Exodus 16:4
- . . . the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day . . . Exodus 16:4
- . . . on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily. Exodus16:5
- . . . in the morning, then ye shall see the majesty of Yahuah . . . Exodus 16:7
- . . . in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am Yahuah your Alahim. Exodus 16:12
- And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. Exodus 16:14
- Let no man leave of it till the morning. Exodus16:19
- . . . some of them left of it until the [next] morning, and it bred worms, and stank. . . Exodus 16:20
- . . . when the sun waxed hot, it melted. Exodus 16:21
- . . . on the sixth day they gathered twice as much . . . Exodus 16:22
- Tomorrow [daylight] is the rest of the sacred Sabbath unto Yahuah: bake that which ye will bake today, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remains over lay up for you to be kept until the morning. Exodus 16:23
- And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. Exodus 16:24
- And Moses said, eat that today; for today is a Sabbath unto Yahuah: to day ye shall not find it in the field. Exodus 16:25
- Six days [daylights] ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day [daylight], which is the Sabbath, in it there shall be none. Exodus 16:26
- See, for that Yahuah hath given you the Sabbath, therefore he gives you on the sixth day [daylight] the bread of two days [daylights]; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day [daylight]. Exodus 16:29
- So the people rested on the seventh day [daylight]. Exodus 16:30
Here it is found that the Sabbath of the Eternal Father is the seventh-day and that it follows six work days. It is found that the day begins in the morning rather than at night, as declared by Jewish fables and commandments of men (Titus 1:14). The manna could be preserved for exactly 24 hours from the time it was given, and always went bad the next morning when the fresh, new manna was provided at sunrise, except on the Sabbath. For on this day it was safely preserved for a minimum of 36 hours and a maximum of 48.
We find that the term tomorrow is referred to as a day that commences at sunrise. On the sixth day, Moses spoke of tomorrow as being the Sabbath day. If the Sabbath had begun at sunset, Moses would have spoken regarding the Sabbath tonight or at sunset. The Sabbath began in the morning, as depicted by no manna given on that morning. In this entire Exodus 16 narrative there is not one mention of the words night, sunset, dusk, or evening. The weight of evidence declares in this story alone that the day commences at sunrise in the morning.
Question 29: From the time of Moses, through to the death of the Messiah on the cross, a period of fifteen hundred years, both the morning and evening sacrifices were a daily occurrence. Was it only the morning sacrifice that was administered during the daylight hours, with the evening sacrifices being administered during the dark of night?
Question 30: According to Exodus18:13, when does “the next day” begin, in the evening, at midnight, or in the morning?
And so it was, on the next day, that Moses sat to judge the people; and the people stood before Moses from morning until evening. Exodus18:13 NKJV
Question 31: According to Exodus 16:22-25, when does the “rest” of the sanctified Sabbath unto Yahuah begin, in the night, evening or in the morning?
And so it was, on the sixth day, that they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for each one. And all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. Then he said to them, “This is what Yahuah has said: ‘Tomorrow is a Sabbath rest, a sanctified Sabbath to Yahuah. Bake what you will bake today, and boil what you will boil; and lay up for yourselves all that remains, to be kept until morning.’ “So they laid it up till morning, as Moses commanded; and it did not stink, nor were there any worms in it. Then Moses said, “Eat that today, for today is a Sabbath to Yahuah; today you will not find it in the field. Exodus 16:22-25 NKJV
Question 32: If a night is considered a day, then what did Yahuah mean when He said that He would cause it to rain on the earth forty days and forty nights?
For after seven more days I will cause it to rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and I will destroy from the face of the earth all living things that I have made. Genesis 7:4 NKJV
Answer: The night is not considered the day, or even the beginning of a day, but rather days and nights are exact opposites. For what fellowship has righteousness with lawlessness? And what communion has LIGHT with darkness? 2 Corinthians 6:14 Although, this verse is speaking of not being unequally yoked together with unbelievers it also aptly applies to the day and night not being unequally yoked.
Notice in the words of Yahuah Himself, He states that the “day” comes before the “night,” when He said it would rain forty days and forty nights. The Father always makes precise declarations, and He did not say it would rain forty nights and forty days.
Question 33: Why is it that the righteous men, obedient followers, are stirred up against the hypocrites? Who are the hypocrites and what did they do to deserve to be called hypocrites?
Upright men are astonished at this, and the innocent stirs himself up against the hypocrite. Yet the righteous will hold to his way, and he who has clean hands will be stronger and stronger. “But please, come back again, all of you, for I shall not find one wise man among you. My days are past, My purposes are broken off, even the thoughts of my heart. They change the night into day; ‘The light is near,’ they say, in the face of darkness. Job 17:8-14 NKJV
Answer: The righteous men are stirred up against the hypocrites because the hypocrites make the Creator out to be a liar, when He said He separated the day from the night (Genesis 1:4). For the hypocrites have changed the night into day when our Creator had declared the LIGHT to be day and not the darkness of night. The hypocrites here referred to can be only one group of people— the Israelites or anyone who follows after their ways. For it was the Israelites who were given the oracles of the truth beginning with Abraham, Moses, Daniel, Isaiah, Jeremiah, and fulfilled by the Messiah. Only they can be called hypocrites for they had been given the direct honor of bearing the oracles of truth. Since the first century A.D., under pressure from the Romans, they have changed every unit of time by 180 degrees, including when the day begins.
Refer to article, TheCreator’s Calendar Units of Time.
Question 34: If it had always been true that the day commenced with the night, then the following words of our Creator would never have been necessary.
And the word of Yahuah came to Jeremiah, saying, “Thus says Yahuah: ‘If you can break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, so that there will not be day and night in their [separate] seasons, then My covenant may also be broken with David My servant, so that he shall not have a son to reign on his throne, and with the Levites, the priests, My ministers. Jeremiah 33:19-21 NKJV
Question 35: According to the words of the Most High, what is the difference between a day and a night?
Thus says Yahuah, who gives the SUN FOR A LIGHT BY DAY, the ordinances of THE MOON AND THE STARS FOR A LIGHT BY NIGHT, who disturbs the sea, and its waves roar (Yahuah of hosts is His name): “If those ordinances depart from before Me, says Yahuah, then the seed of Israel shall also cease from being a nation before Me forever.” Jeremiah 31:35-36 NKJV
To Him who made great lights, for His mercy endures forever– The sun to rule by day, for His mercy endures forever; the moon and stars to rule by night, for His mercy endures forever. Psalms 136:7-9 NKJV
Answer: Day is ruled by the presence of the sun, and night is ruled only by the moon and stars without the presence of the sun. Jeremiah 31:35 and Psalm 136:7-9. Genesis 1:5 states: “Alahim called the LIGHT day, and the darkness he called night.”
By extension, on the night that the New Moon rules to highlight the next starry constellation to rule with it for the lunar month, the sun CANNOT be present. The Creator’s rules require that the sun NEVER rule together with the moon or stars. In actuality, the sun is completely absent while the New Moon rules with the stars from the eastern horizon to the western horizon on the night of the full moon.
Genesis 1:16 and Psalms 136:7-9 stand as HALLMARKS against the modern Zodiac, or wheel of the stars, utilized by both the Romans and Jews, in which the ruling month is either defined by the sun or a dark occulted moon or crescent.
Question 36: In Jeremiah 33:19-21, Yahuah speaks about the penalty that He would bring upon the house of David and the kingdom of Israel if they broke His covenants. What was the covenant that He was stressing that His people not break?
Thus says Yahuah, who gives the sun for a LIGHT by day, the ordinances of the moon and the stars for a LIGHT by night, who disturbs the sea, and its waves roar Yahuah of hosts is His name): “If those ordinances depart from before Me, says Yahuah, then the seed of Israel shall also cease from being a nation before Me forever.” Jeremiah 31:35-36 NKJV
This verse has a greater application than first appears on the surface. First, this is a confirmed promise of Yahuah that He will never change His divinely appointed astro-luni-solar time system. It is stating that if the ordinances that separate the “sun” for days and “moon and stars” for nights depart, so will the “seed of Israel” cease from being a nation forever.” This is guaranteed in the very fact that, “If you are the Messiah’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.” Galatians 3:28-29.
The promise here is that there will be a second coming of the Messiah for the redeemed of the earth. All these redeemed of the earth since the time of Abraham are either Jew or Gentile, but if they be the Messiah’s, they are Abraham’s seed and will be rewarded with eternal life as the adopted Israel. Therefore, the guarantee is that the righteous seed of Abraham shall never cease, just as the ordinances of the sun, moon and stars depicting His divisions of the “day” and “night” shall never cease by His doing.
In contrast, soon after the crucifixion plans were laid by the Jewish leaders to change Israel’s calendation. The New Moon was changed 180 degrees from the “full moon” to Babylon’s “first visible crescent,” the moon god “Sin.” The modern Zodiac was adopted that utilizes the sun to define which constellation among the wheel of the stars was to rule for the solar month. This is nothing other than the sun worship of the heathens who set their time according to the sun and at the time of occulted moon, or crescent. They have caused the ruling sun to rule together with the moon and stars, which was strictly forbidden.
Also, following the time of Constantine the Roman weekly cycle was adopted for the seventh-day Sabbath, and the “day” was changed to begin at sunset instead of sunrise.
Because the Hebrew people have broken the covenant with the Creator, they will cease from being a nation forever. They have forfeited their right as a chosen people. All those who follow after their fabricated manner of time-keeping will not be grafted in to the Creator’s covenant. It is only those who seek to follow all His laws including those that govern the boundaries of the sun ruling by day, and the moon ruling together with the stars by night. It is this principle that will restore the Mazzeroth to its rightful beginning, where the full New Moon will arise in Bethula (Virgo) in the spring, fourteen days prior to Passover.
It is only then that the truth will be revealed about Flavius Josephus’ declaration, that at the time of Moses the sun arose in the constellation Aries (the lamb) on the 14th day of the lunar month of Nisan. For it will be found to perpetually occur on this same day. Why? Because this event highlighted by a solar eclipse and an occulted moon, announced Yahusha, as the promised Messiah, “Behold! The Lamb of Yahuah who takes away the sins of the world.” John 1:29
Question 37: What does Yahuah declare will happen if the ordinance of day and the ordinance of night are removed?
Thus says Yahuah, who gives the sun for a light by day, the ordinances of the moon and the stars for a light by night, who disturbs the sea, and its waves roar Yahuah of hosts is His name): “If those ordinances depart from before Me, says Yahuah, then the seed of Israel shall also cease from being a nation before Me forever.” Jeremiah 31:35-36 NKJV
Question 38: Isn’t Leviticus 23:32 yet another support for when the “day” begins, commencing at sunset and terminating the following sunset, as it states, “from even unto even, shall you celebrate your Sabbaths?”
Answer: I was taught and believed most of my life that the reference to “from evening unto evening” here in Leviticus, with regard to the Day of Atonement proved that the day began with sunset and ended with sunset. I no longer believe this is tied together for the very reason that the weight of evidence from Genesis to Revelation reveals that the day begins at sunrise.
I believe this is a stand-alone verse uniquely designed to put parameters on the period of the fast to aid in afflicting one’s soul for the Feast Day of Atonement. Basically this identifies that this fast is to be kept from “supper to supper.” So it appears that we are to eat the final meal of the day on the ninth, because at sunset the fast would begin. Get a good night’s sleep and upon waking the next morning no food is to be eaten until after sunset. In this way the fast can have its effect and be an ever present reminder of your need of Yahuah, bringing home upon the mind moment by moment, the importance of this day for humble confession. In contrast, if the fast did not begin until sunrise, folks would be up early eating a large meal just prior to sunrise, and utterly remove the effect the fast would provide for afflicting one’s soul before Yahuah.
Question 39: Genesis, Exodus, and Leviticus were the first three books written by Moses. If the time elements clarified in each of these books were not in perfect harmony with each other, Moses would have questioned Yahuah. It was Moses who recorded the Ten Commandments, including the fourth, which speaks specifically of the seventh-day Sabbath. Is there any reference in Scripture to commencing the Sabbath at night?
Remember the Sabbath DAYLIGHT, to keep it sacred. Six DAYLIGHTS you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh DAYLIGHT is the Sabbath of Yahuah your Alahim. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six DAYLIGHTS Yahuah made the shamayim and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh DAYLIGHT. Therefore Yahuah honored the Sabbath DAYLIGHT and sanctified it. Exodus 20:8-11 NKJV
However, some would have us think that following the crucifixion of Yahusha the Messiah, the legs of the two criminals were broken and they along with the Messiah, were removed from their crosses, because the “seventh-day Sabbath” was drawing on in three hours. Yet, we know for a fact that Passover was to begin in three hours as it was to commence at sunset. The immediate event that was drawing on was the Passover Feast, which was to begin precisely at sunset. All the Jewish men together with their families were to be at home for the event and they were commanded “not to step outside the door of their homes until morning” (Exodus 12:22). The seventh-day Sabbath was to commence the following morning at sunrise, at the exact moment Passover ended. The seventh-day Sabbath is never mentioned in Scripture as overlapping, but rather it was always the day following Passover and commenced at sunrise. It was the day of the seven-day Feast of Unleavened Bread that always commenced on the seventh-day Sabbath, making it a High Sabbath.
The underlined portion of the following verse is defined in the Greek as “prosabbaton”#4315 and means the day or period before the Sabbath or Sabbath-eve. It clearly does not mean the commencement of the Sabbath, but the period prior to the Sabbath.
Now when evening (opsias #3798 and opse #3796) had come, because it was the preparation, that is, (prosabbaton #4315) the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who was himself waiting for the kingdom of Yahuah, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Yahusha. Mark 15:42-44
The reference to “when evening had come” is clearly stated to be a time period prior to the commencement of the Sabbath. It was the continuation of the preparation, but it was the commencement of the Passover that had already begun at sunset. . . The word “day” does not exist in the original text. The word G#4315 prosabbaton simply means prior to the Sabbath. The other identifier in this verse declares that the sun had already set, as this is the meaning of the word #3798 opsias, which means night fall. Notice how this Renewed Covenant (NT) word G#3798 night fall is in harmony with the Torah (OT) H#6153 ereb, which means twilight. It is apparent that the Sabbath was yet to commence the following morning along with the Feast of Unleavened Bread. It was the Passover Feast that had just begun at sunset on the 14th.
Now it was the Preparation day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews . . . John 19:14
Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. So there they laid Yahusha, because of the Jews’ preparation day, for the tomb was nearby. John 19:41-42
Sundial Below is an ancient Greek sundial, which by its very design is in harmony with Scripture (John 11:9). Although this sundial is missing its pointer (gnomon) notice the numerals are from left to right, beginning at number 1 and ending at number 12. This demonstrates that the 1st hour following sunrise is the 1st hour of the day. It also demonstrates that the 6th hour of the day is noon, and the 12th hour ends at precisely sunset. Whether it is summer or winter there are always twelve hours in a day, means that the hours vary in actual length from summer to winter.
Sundials only measure direct rays of sunlight when the sun is ruling by day.Sundials can also measure the light of the full moon on the night that it rules. This is true for two reasons and in this order:
By its very design, a sundial implies and requires the ruling body to arise in the east and set in the west.
The ruling body must be of such significant brilliance as to emit rays that cast a shadow on the sundial. The sundial has no effect on the nights that the moon is in its dark occulted phase or has any portions of darkness. This is because all lunar phases that exhibit any portion of darkness also never rule the night sky from east to west beginning at sunset. It is only the full moon that shines from east to west and emits enough light to project upon the sundial.
In striking contrast, the Roman Gregorian sundials follow a numeric system that displays the 12th hour as noon, correlating with a 24 hour day that commences at midnight. According to Scripture, noon was the 6th hour of the day and sunset was the 12th hour. In this way the boundary markers were set for our Creator’s days, distinctly divided from His nights (John 11:9).
Question 40: During the life of the Messiah He kept the Sabbath for the correct length of time. If Israel was keeping it wrong, certainly He would have corrected them. How long did the Messiah declare a “day” to be, which would also apply to the seventh-day Sabbath day?
Yahusha [Messiah] answered, “Are there not twelve hours in the day? If anyone walks in the day, he does not stumble, because he sees the LIGHT of this world.” John 11:9 NKJV
And as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on the Sabbath day, and stood up to read. Luke 4:16 NKJV
Question 42: The Messiah, Yahusha was the sacrificial Lamb who laid down His life as the sin offering on behalf of humanity. After an agonizing trial and beating, our Savior was placed on the cross/stake at the sixth hour. This begs the question, was this the sixth hour of the day, or the sixth hour of the night?
Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. John 19:14 NKJV
Question 43: According to Scripture, Passover, Abib 14, A.D. 31, was the lunar calendar date of the crucifixion. This day of days, also known as the preparation day, contained only 12 hours from sunrise to sunset. How many hours did the following day contain?
- Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. John 19:14 NKJV
- Now from the sixth hour until the ninth hour there was darkness over all the land. Matthew 27:45-46
- Now when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. Mark 15:33-34
A darkened occulted sun is synonymous with a solar eclipse. For 4,000 years all solar eclipses occurred on the 14th or 15th of the lunar month, and this month was no exception to the Creator’s time system. Rather, it was the fulfillment in every way, and highlighted by a supernatural length of darkness, as the attention of all the universe was riveted to earth and the dying Son of Yahuah. Refer to word study, The Sun was Darkened from the Sixth to the Ninth Hour.
From the rising of the sun to its going down Yahuah’s name is to be praised. Psalms 113:3 NKJV
The Mighty One, Alahim, has spoken and called the earth from the rising of the sun to its going down. Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, Alahim will shine forth. Psalms 50:1-2 NKJV
For from the rising of the sun, even to its going down, My name shall be great among the Gentiles; in every place incense shall be offered to My name, and a pure offering; for My name shall be great among the nations,” says Yahuah of hosts. Malachi 1:11 NKJV
- The first thing the Creator called into existence was LIGHT. Genesis 1:3.
- Darkness was not created by the Creator Yahuah, but rather it is the absence of LIGHT and absence of His creative power. Genesis 1:2-4.
- A day is the “sunlight” portion of a full calendar date, occupying the period from sunrise to sunset and is defined by the hours on a sundial. Genesis 1:4, 5.
- A night occupies the portion from sunset to sunrise, of a full lunar calendar date, and is defined by four watches. Genesis 1:4-5.
- Day and night are opposite periods of time that never overlap. Genesis 1:4, 5.
- A separating distinction was forever cast when the Creator named the LIGHT day and darkness night. Genesis 1:4-5.
- Day and night are the two halves of a full lunar calendar date. Genesis 1:4, 5.
- Evening is equated with the mixture of light known as “twilight” or “light exchange,” which occurs just prior to sunrise and just after sunset. Genesis 1:5.
- ” The day commences at sunrise and ends at sunset and totals a period of twelve hours. John 11:9.
- All creation was accomplished during the LIGHT hours of the day, except when the light was called forth out of darkness on the first day. Genesis 1: all.
- The four watches of the night occupy the period between sunset and sunrise, as the length of night is defined by the visible stars. Jeremiah 31:35-36.
- The visible sun rules and measures the day, while the visible stars rule and measure the night. The day and the night can never overlap, any more than the shining of the sun and the stars can overlap or be visible at the same time. Jeremiah 31:35-36.
- The Creator declared six times in six days that His works of creation were accomplished during the daylight hours, and then occurred the evening (dusk) and then occurred the morning (dawn). Genesis 1:1-31.
- The sun was appointed to rule over the day only, and was never to have communion with, or dominion over the night. Genesis 1:16.
- The moon and stars alone were appointed to rule together over the night, and with not interference from the sun. Genesis 1:16.
- Yahuah has always used the contrasting principles of light and dark to teach His divine truths. “And what communion has light with darkness?” 2 Corinthians 6:14; Proverbs 4:18-19; John 8:12; Matthew 5:14, 15; John 1:4, 7; John 3:20; 1 Peter 2:9; Ephesians 5:13.
- Metaphorically, darkness was to represent infidelity, spiritual blindness and evil. Proverbs 4:18-19; John 1:4; John 3:20; 1 Peter 2:9.
- Metaphorically, LIGHT was to represent truth, divine understanding, and righteousness. Proverbs 4:18-19; John 1:4; John 3:20; 1 Peter 2:9.
- The terms next day or tomorrow, both refer to the daylight, which begins at sunrise and ends at sunset. Exodus 18:13.
- Hypocrites call the night, day. This is represented by all those who believe the sanctified seventh-day Sabbath begins at sunset. Job 17:8-14.
- If the ordinance of the day and ordinance of the night were ever removed, then Israel was to cease from being a nation. Every unit of time has been changed by Israel. In addition to when the day begins, they have changed when the month and when the year begin. As a result, and based upon this verse in Job, they, as a nation are no longer in a covenant relationship with Yahuah, by their own choice and actions. Job 17:8-14.
- “The terms “even unto even” refer to the sunrise unto sunset as “even” represents the “exchange of light,” and was established as metaphoric bookends to a “day.” Leviticus 23:5, 32.
- The Fourth Commandment supports what was discovered in Genesis 1:1-5, that the Sabbath is the daylight portion of a full lunar calendar date. There is absolutely no mention of the darkness of night in the fourth commandment. Refer to word study, Exodus 20:7-11 “A New Moon Beacon Found in the Third and Fourth Commandment.”
- The Creator honored the Sabbath day and set it apart as sacred. Nowhere in Scripture is the dark of night ever set apart as sacred other than possibly the Feast of Passover, as only that night was divinely designed to symbolize spiritual blindness and evil. In the case of Passover, it was the blood of the Lamb, the Messiah that was to rescue sinful mankind from the darkness of the world fallen into sin. Proverbs 4:18-19; John 1:4; John 3:20; 1 Peter 2:9.
- The Sabbath day is the same length of time as all other days, incorporating a period of 12 hours of daylight. Genesis 1:1-5; Genesis 2:1-3; John 11:9.
- During the Messiah’s, life it was His custom to enter the synagogue on the Sabbath day and never at night. Luke 4:16.
- During the Messiah’s life He declared that there are only twelve hours in a day. After all, He was also the Creator who called the LIGHT day, and the darkness he called night. He changes not. John 11:9; Ecclesiastes 3:14; Isaiah 40:8.
- In His death He confirmed that the day is only twelve hours long. He was crucified at the 3rd hour of the day. The sky became dark from the sixth hour (noon) to the 9th hour, He declared, it is finished and died. Remember the night is not divided by hours; therefore this is specifically referring to the daylight hours.
- Yahuah declared that all nations of earth would worship Him from the rising of the sun to it’s going down. Psalms 113:3; Psalms 50:1-2; Malachi 1:11.
May Yahuah guide you as you seek the FATHER OF LIGHTS (James 1:17).