He Ordained the Full Moon
for Appointed Times
Within this interlinear Scripture word study it is discovered that at creation Alahim ordained the full moon as New Moon to proclaim the appointed times [למועדים H4150 – mo`adim (plural)], His Sabbath days, and all the set-apart Feast Days. According to Scripture the full moon as New Moon, makes its stunning entrance in the east, rather than the crescent or dark lunar phase in the west.
Here in Psalms 104:19 it is discovered that the moon was created and ordained for a specific purpose in perfect harmony with which it was defined in Genesis 1:14-18. While not mentioned by name, there are only three categories of lights:
1) The greater light to rule by day
2) The lesser light to rule by night
3) The stars.
Now if there is any question that the sun is the greater light ordained to rule alone by day, and the moon is the lesser light ordained to rule together with the stars by night, we will find three additional witnesses to Genesis 1:16 here:
Psalms 104:19 continues to define the what, when, and how by which the moon rules. This occurs at the point of the moon’s visible entrance in the east, when it is revealed, endued, and made known by the brilliant rays of the sun.
There are those who would have us believe that Psalms 104:19 is a description of the dark moon as it comes into perfect conjunction with the sun. But the context here is of the BRILLIANT LIGHT of the sun having its full effect upon the moon. The moon was filled with its LIGHT upon its “entrance” to rule and proclaim the appointed times. This is describing a highly visible event. The grandest display of monthly interaction between the sun and the moon can never be manifest as a measuring instrument by a dark moon, or even a crescent. This noble work belongs to the full moon, alone.
“And then the moon, ever punctual to mark the times, is an everlasting sign: It is the moon that signals the Feasts, a luminary that wanes after being full. The month derives its name from hers. She waxes wonderfully in her phases, a banner of the hosts on high, shining in the vault of heaven [the shamayim].” Ecclesiasticus 43:6-8, circ.19-180 B.C.
Compare this to the following quote from antiquity.
For example, Helius is Chammah and Shemesh [meaning the sun]. Selene [#G4582 – brilliant moon] is Yareach, or Ha-labanah [meaning the moon], and hence is also called mene. The ‘month’ is called ‘the mene’ and the moon is called ‘mene,’ as it also is in Greek, because of the [lunar] month. The Panarion of Epiphanius of Salamis, First Book Section 1, Part 16, Epiphanius Against the Pharisees 2:3
It is true that the dark moon arises in the east along with the sun at sunrise, but the moon is entirely invisible. When measuring time, the moon was designated to rule only with the stars by night, meaning that when the moon begins to rule arising in the east, the sun has just set in the west, marking the commencement of night. This is the Scriptural definition of the true New Moon. According to Genesis 1:14-18 daylight is the time designated for the sun to rule alone, entirely removed from the moon and stars for the duration from sunrise to sunset. Thus, it was the expressed will of the Creator, according to the Tanakh (OT) that the moon and stars were ordained to rule together by night, from sunset to sunrise. This was to be wholly separate from the sun, which alone and by itself was ordained to rule from sunrise to sunset.
Now that we have established that the moon is the lesser light spoken of in Genesis 1:14-18, we find it was created and ordained for the purpose of projecting its full LIGHT on the night it ruled, which can only be realized as it receives its direct rays of brilliant illumination from the sun. For without LIGHT there is no visible moon. The moon only has viable application as it is both visibly lit and arises in the east to shine as the LIGHT in a dark place.
And so we have the prophetic word confirmed, which you do well to heed as a light that shines in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. . . 2 Peter 1:19
So we find it is the full moon that shines in a dark place and not the sun, as it is speaking of the time prior to sunrise. It is in the same way that our Messiah was a reflection of the pure light of His Father while here on earth, radiantly bestowing truth to a sinful and degenerate people. As we receive from His abundance, likewise we are to emulate our Messiah’s example as we are being restored by Him to the fullness of truth, and will therefore ultimately and perfectly reflect the pure light of the Father throughout all eternity. As a result, it is the true full New Moon that is an impeccable symbol of the fully restored man or woman of Yahuah and not a dark conjunction, or slim crescent lunar phase.
Wisdom from the Dead Sea Scrolls
Among the discoveries of the Dead Sea Scrolls is a document called the Rule of the Community. Within it is a paragraph about the specific “times” for offering prayer. Notice their relation to the LIGHTS:
He shall bless Him [with the offering] of the lips at the times ordained by Him, at the beginning of the dominion of LIGHT and at its end when it retires to its appointed place; at the beginning of the watches of darkness when He unlocks their storehouse and spreads them out, and also at their end when they retire before the LIGHT; when the heavenly LIGHTS shine out from the dwelling-place of Holiness, and also when they retire to the place of Glory; at the entry of the seasons [mo’edim], also at their end when they succeed to one another. Their renewal is a great day for the Holy of Holies, and a sign for the unlocking of everlasting mercies at the beginning of seasons [mo’edim] in all times to come. Calendars in the Dead Sea Scrolls: Measure Time, James C.Vanderkam [address missing]
According to this Dead Sea Scroll portion, the day begins at sunrise, but notice the reference made to the month: “at the ‘entry’ of the [monthly] seasons.” The word seasons is the word mo’edim and specifically means “set-apart assemblies manifest by the moon.” Do not miss the fact that this whole paragraph above is focused on the LIGHTS with their entry and exits for days, months, and years. Amazingly, no one ever questions that the sun and stars rule from east to west. Just as the day begins with the LIGHT of the sun in the east, yet, so too is the entry of the month, but only as a full LIGHT lunar phase arising in the east as well.
Another way to look at this, is that just as the “sun rules the day,” from east to west when it is visible, in like manner the “moon rules the night,” from east to west as a LIGHT, wholly visible, together with the stars. As a result, the entry of the month can be no other than the entry of the full moon in the east, arising majestically, conspicuously, and by extension profoundly visible. For the east is the entry of all ruling bodies, including the ruling Messiah, who we are told will return from the EAST at His second coming.
Just as surely as the luminaries [sun, moon and stars] arise from the east and shine forth even unto the west, so in like manner shall be the coming of the Son of man. Matthew 24:27 [The Creator’s Calendar Hebrew Restored Text]
Regarding the months, in the Dead Sea Scroll quote above, it also declares, “their renewal is a great day for the “Holy of Holies,” the sign for unlocking of everlasting mercies at the beginning of seasons [months].” This is a most interesting statement as it associates the LIGHT of the moon at its renewal, as a sign in the Most Set-apart compartment of the Temple.
The last few words of the quote from the Dead Sea Scrolls declare in essence that all that was previously stated shall continue “in all times to come.” This means that the divisions of days, and months, and years, according to the Creator’s LIGHTS were ordained to continue forever. It was never His plan for the Roman Gregorian calendar system to usurp His pre-ordained qadosh TIME MEASURING MECHANISM. However, He allowed it for a determined period known as the times of the gentiles. But now He will use His true time-measuring model as His last testing truth for the great and final harvest of the earth.
Making Known His Entrance/His Return
In connection with the Temple, the sun in the west is a symbol of the Father in the Most set-apart compartment of the Temple, while the moon is the symbol of His Son, the Messiah, entering the night sky in the east. The full moon is the richest symbol of the Messiah’s splendor and pure perfect truth, fully reflecting the light of His Father. It is at the “EAST GATE” of the Temple where the Messiah, as depicted by the full moon, entered upon His work in the Salvation of mankind.
At the cross, He gave up His life as the ransom for all mankind, symbolized by the light of the moon being fully extinguished on the 14th day of Aviv, as it was the day of the conjunction and a solar eclipse. Refer to, “The Sun Was Darkened from the Sixth to the Ninth Hour.” The Messiah’s work of Salvation will not be finished until His second coming, when He returns again via the entrance at the east gate. Just as each renewed and rebuilt full New Moon arises in the east, YAHUSHA our Messiah shall arise in all His fullness and majesty (Matthew 24:27).
Proverbs reveals the day of the month our Messiah shall return (or begins His return) from His current work before His Father’s seat of power. He is returning for His bride following a lengthy 2,000 year ministry in the shamayim temple above, on behalf of mankind’ soul temples. For He had gone away to His Father to purchase the souls of confessing sinners with His blood, He will then return home for His bride at the appointed time. It appears that the Feast of Trumpets announces the return of our King, the great event that will occur on a full New Moon.
For my husband is not at home, He has gone on a long journey; He has taken a bag of money with Him, at the full moon he will return home. Proverbs 7:19-20 NASU
In conclusion, we have once again a description of the full New Moon commencing both its length of rule and its dominion boundaries when it arises following sunset, shining from east to west the whole night through together with the stars.
And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever. Daniel 12:3
The confident expectation of YAHUAH’S believers is YAHUSHA HaMashiach’s soon return. What an occasion that will be when He returns arising in the east in every locality of earth to receive His bride unto Himself. That will be an event we won’t want to miss. I hope to see you there.
For additional studies that illustrate the full moon as the original New Moon in Scripture, click on this link: Amos Prophesied a Solar Eclipse Would Occur at the Messiah’s Death.